Economic Trivia

The services sector accounts for 50% of GDP.

Trade Source: United Nations Comtrade
Note: Top 3 trade partners are calculated by imports + exports.

Top 3 Trade Partners (2019): China, India, and Switzerland
Top 3 Exported Goods (2019): Precious Stones & Metals, Oil & Mineral Fuels, and Cocoa

Top Industries Source: CIA World Factbook

Mining; Lumbering; Light Manufacturing; Aluminum Smelting

Gross Domestic Product (GDP) [1]

GDP, PPP (current international) $158,389,977,044 (2018)
GDP Growth Rate (annual %) 6.263% (2018)
GDP Per Capita, PPP (current international) $5,321 (2018)
Click on a row to display its 5-year graph on the right.

GDP Country Rank 73/196 (2018)

GDP Composition %

Note: GDP composition percentage may exceed 100. Manufacturing is included in the Industry figures and is also reported separately because it plays a critical role in many economies.

Economic Indicators [1]

Inflation, consumer prices (annual %) 9.837% (2018)
External debt stocks, total (DOD, current US$) $23,315,992,116 (2018)
Total tax rate (% of commercial profits) 55.4% (2019)
Real Interest Rate (5 year average %) -5.549% (1988)
Manufacturing, value added (% of GDP) 10.459% (2018)
Current Account Balance (BoP, current US$) ($2,043,923,677) (2018)
Click on a row to display its 5-year graph on the right.

Labor and Employment [1]

Labor Force, Total 12,916,874 (2019)
Employment in Agriculture (% of total employment) 29.265% (2019)
Employment in Industry (% of total employment) 21.776% (2019)
Employment in Services (% of total employment) 48.959% (2019)
Unemployment Rate 4.331% (2019)
Click on a row to display its 5-year graph on the right.

Trade [1]

Imports of goods and services (current US$) $23,871,613,868 (2018)
Exports of goods and services (current US$) $23,118,048,359 (2018)
Total Merchandise Trade (% of GDP) 42.829% (2018)
FDI, net inflows (BoP, current US$) $2,989,035,000 (2018)
Commercial Service Exports (current US$) $7,563,161,389 (2018)
Click on a row to display its 5-year graph on the right.

Economic Snapshot [1]

Note: Percentile ranks are calculated using the latest available data for all countries within the last 5 years.

How to interpret the graph: The purpose of this graph is to take a snapshot of a country’s economy in comparison to other economies. For example, Ghana’s Exports rank is higher than (please wait...) of the countries in the dataset. For Exports, FDI and GDP measures, a higher rank (closer to 100%) indicates a stronger economy. Conversely, for Unemployment and Inflation, a lower rank (closer to 0%) indicates a stronger economy.

Due to unavailable data the following indicators have been omitted:
  • Exports
  • FDI, net inflows
  • GDP Growth Rate
  • GDP Per Capita
  • Inflation
  • Unemployment


  1. The World Bank