Economic Trivia

The services sector accounts for 50% of GDP.

Trade Source: United Nations Comtrade
Note: Top 3 trade partners are calculated by imports + exports.

Top 3 Trade Partners (2019): China, India, and Switzerland
Top 3 Exported Goods (2019): Precious Stones & Metals, Oil & Mineral Fuels, and Cocoa

Top Industries Source: CIA World Factbook

Mining; Lumbering; Light Manufacturing; Aluminum Smelting

Gross Domestic Product (GDP) [1]

GDP, PPP (current international) $173,893,741,809 (2020)
GDP Growth Rate (annual %) 0.414% (2020)
GDP Per Capita, PPP (current international) $5,596 (2020)
Click on a row to display its 5-year graph on the right.

GDP Country Rank 72/197 (2020)

GDP Composition %

Note: GDP composition percentage may exceed 100. Manufacturing is included in the Industry figures and is also reported separately because it plays a critical role in many economies.

Economic Indicators [1]

Inflation, consumer prices (annual %) 9.953% (2020)
External debt stocks, total (DOD, current US$) $26,958,719,429 (2019)
Total tax rate (% of commercial profits) 55.4% (2019)
Real Interest Rate (5 year average %) -5.549% (1988)
Manufacturing, value added (% of GDP) 9.921% (2020)
Current Account Balance (BoP, current US$) ($1,863,971,933) (2019)
Click on a row to display its 5-year graph on the right.

Labor and Employment [1]

Labor Force, Total 12,934,257 (2020)
Employment in Agriculture (% of total employment) 28.46% (2020)
Employment in Industry (% of total employment) 22.185% (2020)
Employment in Services (% of total employment) 49.355% (2020)
Unemployment Rate 4.53% (2020)
Click on a row to display its 5-year graph on the right.

Trade [1]

Imports of goods and services (current US$) $23,713,149,960 (2019)
Exports of goods and services (current US$) $24,098,556,292 (2019)
Total Merchandise Trade (% of GDP) 37.085% (2020)
FDI, net inflows (BoP, current US$) $3,879,831,470 (2019)
Commercial Service Exports (current US$) $9,869,633,396 (2019)
Click on a row to display its 5-year graph on the right.

Economic Snapshot [1]

Note: Percentile ranks are calculated using the latest available data for all countries within the last 5 years.

How to interpret the graph: The purpose of this graph is to take a snapshot of a country’s economy in comparison to other economies. For example, Ghana’s Exports rank is higher than (please wait...) of the countries in the dataset. For Exports, FDI and GDP measures, a higher rank (closer to 100%) indicates a stronger economy. Conversely, for Unemployment and Inflation, a lower rank (closer to 0%) indicates a stronger economy.

Due to unavailable data the following indicators have been omitted:
  • Exports
  • FDI, net inflows
  • GDP Growth Rate
  • GDP Per Capita
  • Inflation
  • Unemployment


  1. The World Bank