Key Figures

Chief of State:
President Jovenel Moïse
Head of Government:
Prime Minister Jack Guy Lafontant

Overview

Government Name:
Republic of Haiti
Constitution:
Adopted: 1987; Established a semi-presidential republic and multiparty system, bilateral parliament, separation of powers among executive, legislative, and judicial branches
Government Type:
Republic
Republic of Haiti Flag
Coat of Arms of Republic of Haiti

Index of Economic Freedom

Grades each country on a scale of 0 to 100, based on ten freedoms, with 100 representing the greatest amount of economic autonomy from government intervention. Source: Heritage Foundation (2018)

Country Risk Rating

D
A high-risk political and economic situation and an often very difficult business environment can have a very significant impact on corporate payment behavior. Corporate default probability is very high. Source: Coface (2018)

Government Branches

Main Powers Election Process Election Cycle 1
Executive

The president and prime minister are responsible for constituting the executive branch of government.

Absolute majority vote through a two round system.

5 years

Judicial

Responsible for constituting the judicial branch of government.

Appointed by the president from candidate lists submitted by the legislative branch.

10 years

Legislative

The senate and chamber of deputies are responsible for legislation and electing the president.

30 seats in the senate are elected by an absolute majority vote through a two round system. The 99 seats of the chamber of deputies are elected through an absolute majority vote in single-member constituencies.

Senate: 6 years; Chamber of Deputies: 4 years

Regional Trade Blocs

International Organization Participation [2]

Environmental Agreements [3]

Tax Information [2]

Tax Authority:
Information not available
Tax Name:
Information not available

Sources:

  1. ElectionGuide http://www.electionguide.org/
  2. EY, http://www.ey.com
  3. CIA World Factbook, https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/
  4. U.S. Bilateral Relations Fact Sheets http://www.state.gov/r/pa/ei/bgn/