Due to the current political unrest in Haiti, the information on these pages may not reflect current conditions in the country.

Key Figures

Chief of State:
Acting President Ariel Henry
Head of Government:
Prime Minister Ariel Henry


Government Name:
Republic of Haiti
Adopted: 1987; Established a semi-presidential republic and multiparty system, bilateral parliament, separation of powers among executive, legislative, and judicial branches
Government Type:
Republic of Haiti Flag
Coat of Arms of Republic of Haiti

Index of Economic Freedom

Grades each country on a scale of 0 to 100, based on ten freedoms, with 100 representing the greatest amount of economic autonomy from government intervention. Source: Heritage Foundation (2019)

Country Risk Rating

The highest-risk political and economic situation and the most difficult business environment. Corporate default is likely. Source: Coface (2022)

Government Branches

Main Powers Election Process Election Cycle 1

The president and prime minister are responsible for constituting the executive branch of government.

Absolute majority vote through a two round system.

5 years


Responsible for constituting the judicial branch of government.

Appointed by the president from candidate lists submitted by the legislative branch.

10 years


The senate and chamber of deputies are responsible for legislation and electing the president.

30 seats in the senate are elected by an absolute majority vote through a two round system. The 99 seats of the chamber of deputies are elected through an absolute majority vote in single-member constituencies.

Senate: 6 years; Chamber of Deputies: 4 years

Regional Trade Blocs

International Organization Participation [2]

Environmental Agreements [3]

Tax Information [2]

Tax Authority:
Information not available
Tax Name:
Information not available


  1. ElectionGuide http://www.electionguide.org/
  2. EY, http://www.ey.com
  3. CIA World Factbook, https://www.cia.gov/the-world-factbook/
  4. U.S. Bilateral Relations Fact Sheets http://www.state.gov/r/pa/ei/bgn/