Economic Trivia

Petroleum accounts for 80% of Iran's all exports.

Trade Source: United Nations Comtrade
Note: Top 3 trade partners are calculated by imports + exports.

Top 3 Trade Partners (2018): China, United Arab Emirates, and Iraq
Top 3 Exported Goods (2018): Oil & Mineral Fuels, Plastics, and Organic Chemicals

Top Industries Source: CIA World Factbook

Petroleum; Petrochemicals; Fertilizers; Caustic Soda

Gross Domestic Product (GDP) [1]

GDP, PPP (current international) $1,119,881,955,192 (2020)
GDP Growth Rate (annual %) 3.388% (2020)
GDP Per Capita, PPP (current international) $13,333 (2020)
Click on a row to display its 5-year graph on the right.

GDP Country Rank 22/197 (2020)

GDP Composition %

Note: GDP composition percentage may exceed 100. Manufacturing is included in the Industry figures and is also reported separately because it plays a critical role in many economies.

Economic Indicators [1]

Inflation, consumer prices (annual %) 39.907% (2019)
External debt stocks, total (DOD, current US$) $5,451,188,396 (2020)
Total tax rate (% of commercial profits) 44.7% (2019)
Real Interest Rate (5 year average %) 16.134% (2016)
Manufacturing, value added (% of GDP) 17.691% (2020)
Current Account Balance (BoP, current US$) $12,481,000,000 (2000)
Click on a row to display its 5-year graph on the right.

Labor and Employment [1]

Labor Force, Total 26,813,322 (2020)
Employment in Agriculture (% of total employment) 17.816% (2020)
Employment in Industry (% of total employment) 30.326% (2020)
Employment in Services (% of total employment) 51.859% (2020)
Unemployment Rate 10.96% (2020)
Click on a row to display its 5-year graph on the right.

Trade [1]

Imports of goods and services (current US$) $58,046,292,283 (2020)
Exports of goods and services (current US$) $46,323,025,007 (2020)
Total Merchandise Trade (% of GDP) 45.363% (2020)
FDI, net inflows (BoP, current US$) $1,508,000,000 (2019)
Commercial Service Exports (current US$) $1,357,000,000 (2000)
Click on a row to display its 5-year graph on the right.

Economic Snapshot [1]

Note: Percentile ranks are calculated using the latest available data for all countries within the last 5 years.

How to interpret the graph: The purpose of this graph is to take a snapshot of a country’s economy in comparison to other economies. For example, Iran’s Exports rank is higher than (please wait...) of the countries in the dataset. For Exports, FDI and GDP measures, a higher rank (closer to 100%) indicates a stronger economy. Conversely, for Unemployment and Inflation, a lower rank (closer to 0%) indicates a stronger economy.

Due to unavailable data the following indicators have been omitted:
  • Exports
  • FDI, net inflows
  • GDP Growth Rate
  • GDP Per Capita
  • Inflation
  • Unemployment


  1. The World Bank