People [1]

People

Population 81,800,269 (2018)
Population Growth Rate 1.386 annual % (2018)
Age Dependency Ratio 41.1 % of working-age population (2017)
Urban Population 74.898 % of total (2018)
Infant Mortality Rate 12.4 per 1,000 live births (2018)
Life Expectancy at Birth 76.271 years (2017)

Age Distribution - % of Total Population (2017)

Energy [2]

Electricity

Ranking
Production 272 billion kWh (2016) #15
Consumption 236 billion kWh (2016) #17
Exports 6.7 billion kWh (2016) #29
Imports 4.2 billion kWh (2016) #43
Renewable Electricity Generation 17 billion kWh (2016) #40

Oil

Ranking
Production 4,695 thousand bbl/day (2017) #6
Consumption 1,804 thousand bbl/day (2016) #12
Exports (Refined) [3] 1,042 thousand bbl/day (2013) #17
Imports (Refined) [3] 87.44 thousand bbl/day (2013) #45
Proved Reserves (Crude) 157 billion bbl (2018) #4

Natural Gas

Ranking
Production (Gross) 9,098 billion cu ft (2015) #3
Consumption (Dry) 7,306 billion cu ft (2017) #4
Exports (Dry) 411 billion cu ft (2017) #18
Imports (Dry) 141 billion cu ft (2017) #40
Proved Reserves 1,191 trillion cu ft (2018) #2

Other [3]

Technology

Airports 319 (2013)
Cellular Telephones 74,219,000 (2016 est.)
Highways 198,866 km (2010)
Internet Users 36,070,000 (2016 est.)
Railways 8,484 km (2014)
Telephones 30,818,011 (2016 est.)

Geography & Environment

LocationMiddle East, bordering the Gulf of Oman, the Persian Gulf, and the Caspian Sea, between Iraq and Pakistan
Total Area1,648,195 sq. km
Land Area1,531,595 sq. km
Water Area116,600 sq. km
Coastline2,440 km
Climatemostly arid or semiarid, subtropical along Caspian coast
Terrainrugged, mountainous rim; high, central basin with deserts, mountains; small, discontinuous plains along both coasts
Lowest PointCaspian Sea -28 m
Highest Point Kuh-e Damavand 5,671 m

Sources

  1. The World Bank Date Accessed: 9/6/2019
  2. U.S. Energy Information Administration
  3. CIA World Factbook Date Accessed: 12/5/2017