People [1]

People

Population 80,277,428 (2016)
Population Growth Rate 1.149 annual % (2016)
Age Dependency Ratio 40.625 % of working-age population (2016)
Urban Population 73.879 % of total (2016)
Infant Mortality Rate 13 per 1,000 live births (2016)
Life Expectancy at Birth 75.953 years (2016)

Age Distribution - % of Total Population (2016)

Energy [2]

Electricity

Ranking
Production 258.372 billion kWh (2014) #16
Consumption 218 billion kWh (2014) #18
Exports 9.66 billion kWh (2014) #23
Imports 3.772 billion kWh (2014) #46
Renewable Electricity Generation 14.13 billion kWh (2014) #44

Oil

Ranking
Production 4,215 thousand bbl/day (2016) #7
Consumption 1,912 thousand bbl/day (2015) #12
Exports (Refined) [3] 1,042 thousand bbl/day (2013) #17
Imports (Refined) [3] 87.44 thousand bbl/day (2013) #45
Proved Reserves (Crude) 158 billion bbl (2017) #4

Natural Gas

Ranking
Production (Gross) 7,830 billion cu ft (2014) #3
Consumption (Dry) 6,119 billion cu ft (2014) #4
Exports (Dry) 348 billion cu ft (2014) #21
Imports (Dry) 305 billion cu ft (2014) #28
Proved Reserves 1,183 trillion cu ft (2017) #2

Other [3]

Technology

Airports 319 (2013)
Cellular Telephones 74,219,000 (2016 est.)
Highways 198,866 km (2010)
Internet Users 36,070,000 (2016 est.)
Railways 8,484 km (2014)
Telephones 30,818,011 (2016 est.)

Geography & Environment

LocationMiddle East, bordering the Gulf of Oman, the Persian Gulf, and the Caspian Sea, between Iraq and Pakistan
Total Area1,648,195 sq. km
Land Area1,531,595 sq. km
Water Area116,600 sq. km
Coastline2,440 km
Climatemostly arid or semiarid, subtropical along Caspian coast
Terrainrugged, mountainous rim; high, central basin with deserts, mountains; small, discontinuous plains along both coasts
Lowest PointCaspian Sea -28 m
Highest Point Kuh-e Damavand 5,671 m

Sources

  1. The World Bank Date Accessed: 7/25/2017
  2. U.S. Energy Information Administration
  3. CIA World Factbook Date Accessed: 12/5/2017