People [1]

People

Population 83,992,953 (2020)
Population Growth Rate 1.293 annual % (2020)
Age Dependency Ratio 45.58 % of working-age population (2020)
Urban Population 75.874 % of total (2020)
Infant Mortality Rate 12 per 1,000 live births (2019)
Life Expectancy at Birth 76.677 years (2019)

Age Distribution - % of Total Population (2020)

Energy [2]

Electricity

Ranking
Production 306.298 billion kWh (2019) #14
Consumption 254.724 billion kWh (2018) #16
Exports 6.295 billion kWh (2018) #29
Imports 2.587 billion kWh (2018) #48
Renewable Electricity Generation 30.737 billion kWh (2019) #33

Oil

Ranking
Production 3,014.482 thousand bbl/day (2020) #9
Consumption 1,821.744 thousand bbl/day (2018) #11
Exports (Refined) [3] 1,042 thousand bbl/day (2013) #17
Imports (Refined) [3] 87.44 thousand bbl/day (2013) #45
Proved Reserves (Crude) 208.6 billion bbl (2021) #3

Natural Gas

Ranking
Production (Gross) 9,097.956 billion cu ft (2015) #3
Consumption (Dry) 7,794.111 billion cu ft (2019) #4
Exports (Dry) 621.788 billion cu ft (2019) #13
Imports (Dry) 40.734 billion cu ft (2019) #60
Proved Reserves 1,200.252 trillion cu ft (2021) #2

Other [3]

Technology

Airports 319 (2013)
Cellular Telephones 88,722,442 (2018 est.)
Highways 223,485 km (2012)
Internet Users 67,600,000 (2019 est.)
Railways 8,484 km (2014)
Telephones 30,481,734 (2018 est.)

Geography & Environment

LocationMiddle East, bordering the Gulf of Oman, the Persian Gulf, and the Caspian Sea, between Iraq and Pakistan
Total Area1,648,195 sq. km
Land Area1,531,595 sq. km
Water Area116,600 sq. km
Coastline2,440 km
Climatemostly arid or semiarid, subtropical along Caspian coast
Terrainrugged, mountainous rim; high, central basin with deserts, mountains; small, discontinuous plains along both coasts
Lowest PointCaspian Sea -28 m
Highest Point Kuh-e Damavand 5,625 m

Sources

  1. The World Bank Date Accessed: 10/3/2021
  2. U.S. Energy Information Administration
  3. CIA World Factbook Date Accessed: 5/9/2020