• The Ottoman Empire captures Lebanon and controls it until World War I.  

  • After World War I, the League of Nations grants the mandate for Lebanon to France, creating the state of greater Lebanon.

  • France agrees to transfer power to the Lebanese government. 

  • The Lebanese civil war starts after a clash between the Phalangists and the guerrillas. Its economy suffered from the destruction of infrastructure and industrial facilities.

  • Syrian army enters Lebanon as an Arab Deterrent Force.

  • Israel launches a full-scale invasion of Lebanon.  

  • The civil war formally ends after the Syrian Air Force attacks the Presidential Palace, forcing the Lebanese Commander-in-Chief Michel Aoun to flee. 

  • After being accused of occupying the country, Syrian forces withdrew from Lebanon due to international pressure.  

  • The Syrian conflict started to spill over into Lebanon, destabilizing the country and its economy.  

Sources:

BBC News open_in_new
Britannica open_in_new