Economic Trivia

The government is Lesotho's largest employer, and public expenditures account for 55% of GDP.

Trade Source: United Nations Comtrade
Note: Top 3 trade partners are calculated by imports + exports.

Top 3 Trade Partners (2012): South Africa, United States, and China
Top 3 Exported Goods (2012): Apparel: Knit, Apparel: Non Knit, and Electrical Machinery

Top Industries Source: CIA World Factbook

Food; Beverages; Textiles; Apparel Assembly

Gross Domestic Product (GDP) [1]

GDP, PPP (current international) $6,794,553,408 (2018)
GDP Growth Rate (annual %) 1.473% (2018)
GDP Per Capita, PPP (current international) $3,223 (2018)
Click on a row to display its 5-year graph on the right.

GDP Country Rank 162/196 (2018)

GDP Composition %

Note: GDP composition percentage may exceed 100. Manufacturing is included in the Industry figures and is also reported separately because it plays a critical role in many economies.

Economic Indicators [1]

Inflation, consumer prices (annual %) 4.01% (2018)
External debt stocks, total (DOD, current US$) $914,773,689 (2018)
Total tax rate (% of commercial profits) 13.6% (2018)
Real Interest Rate (5 year average %) 5.086% (2018)
Manufacturing, value added (% of GDP) 13.732% (2017)
Current Account Balance (BoP, current US$) ($114,445,864) (2018)
Click on a row to display its 5-year graph on the right.

Labor and Employment [1]

Labor Force, Total 949,865 (2018)
Employment in Agriculture (% of total employment) 66.859% (2018)
Employment in Industry (% of total employment) 10.017% (2018)
Employment in Services (% of total employment) 23.125% (2018)
Unemployment Rate 23.596% (2018)
Click on a row to display its 5-year graph on the right.

Trade [1]

Imports of goods and services (current US$) $1,904,851,226 (2016)
Exports of goods and services (current US$) $967,978,076 (2016)
Total Merchandise Trade (% of GDP) 126.228% (2018)
FDI, net inflows (BoP, current US$) $39,585,273 (2018)
Commercial Service Exports (current US$) $29,501,915 (2018)
Click on a row to display its 5-year graph on the right.

Economic Snapshot [1]

Note: Percentile ranks are calculated using the latest available data for all countries within the last 5 years.

How to interpret the graph: The purpose of this graph is to take a snapshot of a country’s economy in comparison to other economies. For example, Lesotho’s Exports rank is higher than (please wait...) of the countries in the dataset. For Exports, FDI and GDP measures, a higher rank (closer to 100%) indicates a stronger economy. Conversely, for Unemployment and Inflation, a lower rank (closer to 0%) indicates a stronger economy.

Due to unavailable data the following indicators have been omitted:
  • Exports
  • FDI, net inflows
  • GDP Growth Rate
  • GDP Per Capita
  • Inflation
  • Unemployment


  1. The World Bank