Key Figures

Chief of State:
President of China, Xi Jinping
Head of Government:
Chief Executive Ho lat Seng


Government Name:
Macao Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China
Adopted: 1993; Took effect in 1999 when ownership transferred from Portugal to China. Established Macau as a Special Administrative Region and a civil law system that gives the region high autonym and only relies on China for defense and foreign affairs
Government Type:
Limited Democracy
Macao Special Administrative
Region of the People's
Republic of China Flag
Coat of Arms of Macao Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China

Index of Economic Freedom

Grades each country on a scale of 0 to 100, based on ten freedoms, with 100 representing the greatest amount of economic autonomy from government intervention. Source: Heritage Foundation (2019)

Country Risk Rating

There is no Country Risk Rating for Macau

Government Branches

Main Powers Election Process Election Cycle 1

The president of China appoints chief executive upon the recommendation of election committee and oversees chief executive. The chief executive is in charge of executory tasks of the government and is head of government, appoints Court of Final Appeal judges, advises Legislative Council for new policies.

Elected by the electoral college.

5 years


Independent of the other branches of government, the highest court of the region.

Appointed by the Macau chief executive upon the recommendation of an independent commission of judges, lawyers, and "eminent" persons.

Information not available


In charge of passing legislation and approving appointments.

14 members elected through a party-list proportional representation system, 12 elected by special interest groups and 7 appointed by the chief executive.

4 years

Regional Trade Blocs

No Regional Trade Blocs

International Organization Participation [2]

Environmental Agreements [3]

Tax Information [2]

Tax Authority:
Information not available
Tax Name:
Information not available


  1. ElectionGuide
  2. EY,
  3. CIA World Factbook,
  4. U.S. Bilateral Relations Fact Sheets