Economic Trivia

Tourism is the largest sector of Maldives' economy, providing for more than 28% of GDP and 60% of foreign exchange.

Trade Source: United Nations Comtrade
Note: Top 3 trade partners are calculated by imports + exports.

Top 3 Trade Partners (2018): United Arab Emirates, China, and Singapore
Top 3 Exported Goods (2018): Seafood, Prepared Meats, and Animal Feeds

Top Industries Source: CIA World Factbook

Tourism; Fish Processing; Shipping; Boat Building

Gross Domestic Product (GDP) [1]

GDP, PPP (current international) $7,440,904,405 (2020)
GDP Growth Rate (annual %) -31.982% (2020)
GDP Per Capita, PPP (current international) $13,766 (2020)
Click on a row to display its 5-year graph on the right.

GDP Country Rank 162/197 (2020)

GDP Composition %

Note: GDP composition percentage may exceed 100. Manufacturing is included in the Industry figures and is also reported separately because it plays a critical role in many economies.

Economic Indicators [1]

Inflation, consumer prices (annual %) -1.37% (2020)
External debt stocks, total (DOD, current US$) $2,679,184,643 (2019)
Total tax rate (% of commercial profits) 30.2% (2019)
Real Interest Rate (5 year average %) 6.076% (2020)
Manufacturing, value added (% of GDP) 2.04% (2019)
Current Account Balance (BoP, current US$) ($1,513,321,374) (2019)
Click on a row to display its 5-year graph on the right.

Labor and Employment [1]

Labor Force, Total 294,396 (2020)
Employment in Agriculture (% of total employment) 8.242% (2020)
Employment in Industry (% of total employment) 18.331% (2020)
Employment in Services (% of total employment) 73.427% (2020)
Unemployment Rate 7.18% (2020)
Click on a row to display its 5-year graph on the right.

Trade [1]

Imports of goods and services (current US$) $4,399,102,847 (2019)
Exports of goods and services (current US$) $3,894,422,052 (2019)
Total Merchandise Trade (% of GDP) 52.727% (2020)
FDI, net inflows (BoP, current US$) $961,146,509 (2019)
Commercial Service Exports (current US$) $3,349,425,654 (2019)
Click on a row to display its 5-year graph on the right.

Economic Snapshot [1]

Note: Percentile ranks are calculated using the latest available data for all countries within the last 5 years.

How to interpret the graph: The purpose of this graph is to take a snapshot of a country’s economy in comparison to other economies. For example, Maldives’s Exports rank is higher than (please wait...) of the countries in the dataset. For Exports, FDI and GDP measures, a higher rank (closer to 100%) indicates a stronger economy. Conversely, for Unemployment and Inflation, a lower rank (closer to 0%) indicates a stronger economy.

Due to unavailable data the following indicators have been omitted:
  • Exports
  • FDI, net inflows
  • GDP Growth Rate
  • GDP Per Capita
  • Inflation
  • Unemployment


  1. The World Bank