Economic Trivia

Mauritania has large iron ore deposits, which make up 40% of exports.

Trade Source: United Nations Comtrade
Note: Top 3 trade partners are calculated by imports + exports.

Top 3 Trade Partners (2017): China, South Korea, and Spain
Top 3 Exported Goods (2017): Ores, Seafood, and Precious Stones & Metals

Top Industries Source: CIA World Factbook

Fish Processing; Oil Production; Mining (Iron Ore, Gold, Copper)

Gross Domestic Product (GDP) [1]

GDP, PPP (current international) $18,449,706,763 (2018)
GDP Growth Rate (annual %) 3.6% (2018)
GDP Per Capita, PPP (current international) $4,190 (2018)
Click on a row to display its 5-year graph on the right.

GDP Country Rank 149/196 (2018)

GDP Composition %

Note: GDP composition percentage may exceed 100. Manufacturing is included in the Industry figures and is also reported separately because it plays a critical role in many economies.

Economic Indicators [1]

Inflation, consumer prices (annual %) 3.067% (2018)
External debt stocks, total (DOD, current US$) $4,983,912,438 (2018)
Total tax rate (% of commercial profits) 67% (2018)
Real Interest Rate (5 year average %) 12.765% (2017)
Manufacturing, value added (% of GDP) 6.024% (2016)
Current Account Balance (BoP, current US$) ($709,000,690) (2017)
Click on a row to display its 5-year graph on the right.

Labor and Employment [1]

Labor Force, Total 1,220,438 (2018)
Employment in Agriculture (% of total employment) 55.363% (2018)
Employment in Industry (% of total employment) 11.11% (2018)
Employment in Services (% of total employment) 33.526% (2018)
Unemployment Rate 10.305% (2018)
Click on a row to display its 5-year graph on the right.

Trade [1]

Imports of goods and services (current US$) $4,425,842,380 (2018)
Exports of goods and services (current US$) $2,316,493,286 (2018)
Total Merchandise Trade (% of GDP) 84.031% (2018)
FDI, net inflows (BoP, current US$) $70,755,027 (2018)
Commercial Service Exports (current US$) $133,118,748 (2017)
Click on a row to display its 5-year graph on the right.

Economic Snapshot [1]

Note: Percentile ranks are calculated using the latest available data for all countries within the last 5 years.

How to interpret the graph: The purpose of this graph is to take a snapshot of a country’s economy in comparison to other economies. For example, Mauritania’s Exports rank is higher than (please wait...) of the countries in the dataset. For Exports, FDI and GDP measures, a higher rank (closer to 100%) indicates a stronger economy. Conversely, for Unemployment and Inflation, a lower rank (closer to 0%) indicates a stronger economy.

Due to unavailable data the following indicators have been omitted:
  • Exports
  • FDI, net inflows
  • GDP Growth Rate
  • GDP Per Capita
  • Inflation
  • Unemployment


  1. The World Bank