Economic Trivia

Mauritania has large iron ore deposits, which make up 40% of exports.

Trade Source: United Nations Comtrade
Note: Top 3 trade partners are calculated by imports + exports.

Top 3 Trade Partners (2019): China, Spain, and United Arab Emirates
Top 3 Exported Goods (2019): Ores, Seafood, and Animal Feeds

Top Industries Source: CIA World Factbook

Fish Processing; Oil Production; Mining (Iron Ore, Gold, Copper)

Gross Domestic Product (GDP) [1]

GDP, PPP (current international) $24,442,679,308 (2020)
GDP Growth Rate (annual %) -1.488% (2020)
GDP Per Capita, PPP (current international) $5,257 (2020)
Click on a row to display its 5-year graph on the right.

GDP Country Rank 143/197 (2020)

GDP Composition %

Note: GDP composition percentage may exceed 100. Manufacturing is included in the Industry figures and is also reported separately because it plays a critical role in many economies.

Economic Indicators [1]

Inflation, consumer prices (annual %) 2.386% (2020)
External debt stocks, total (DOD, current US$) $5,369,750,057 (2019)
Total tax rate (% of commercial profits) 67% (2019)
Real Interest Rate (5 year average %) 12.863% (2017)
Manufacturing, value added (% of GDP) 7.812% (2018)
Current Account Balance (BoP, current US$) ($831,106,402) (2019)
Click on a row to display its 5-year graph on the right.

Labor and Employment [1]

Labor Force, Total 1,249,658 (2020)
Employment in Agriculture (% of total employment) 50.609% (2020)
Employment in Industry (% of total employment) 13.117% (2020)
Employment in Services (% of total employment) 36.274% (2020)
Unemployment Rate 10.66% (2020)
Click on a row to display its 5-year graph on the right.

Trade [1]

Imports of goods and services (current US$) $3,852,568,302 (2020)
Exports of goods and services (current US$) $3,200,290,731 (2020)
Total Merchandise Trade (% of GDP) 69.846% (2020)
FDI, net inflows (BoP, current US$) ($883,561,116) (2019)
Commercial Service Exports (current US$) $123,769,611 (2019)
Click on a row to display its 5-year graph on the right.

Economic Snapshot [1]

Note: Percentile ranks are calculated using the latest available data for all countries within the last 5 years.

How to interpret the graph: The purpose of this graph is to take a snapshot of a country’s economy in comparison to other economies. For example, Mauritania’s Exports rank is higher than (please wait...) of the countries in the dataset. For Exports, FDI and GDP measures, a higher rank (closer to 100%) indicates a stronger economy. Conversely, for Unemployment and Inflation, a lower rank (closer to 0%) indicates a stronger economy.

Due to unavailable data the following indicators have been omitted:
  • Exports
  • FDI, net inflows
  • GDP Growth Rate
  • GDP Per Capita
  • Inflation
  • Unemployment


  1. The World Bank