Economic Trivia

Agriculture is the mainstay of the economy, providing a livelihood for three-fourths of the population and accounting for a little over one-third of GDP.

Trade Source: United Nations Comtrade
Note: Top 3 trade partners are calculated by imports + exports.

Top 3 Trade Partners (2015): India, China, and United Arab Emirates
Top 3 Exported Goods (2015): Coffee & Spices, Carpet, and Manmade Staple Fibers

Top Industries Source: CIA World Factbook

Tourism; Carpets; Textiles; Small Rice

Gross Domestic Product (GDP) [1]

GDP, PPP (current international) $71,524,874,584 (2016)
GDP Growth Rate (annual %) 0.561% (2016)
GDP Per Capita, PPP (current international) $2,468 (2016)
Click on a row to display its 5-year graph on the right.

GDP Country Rank 95/194 (2016)

GDP Composition %

Note: GDP composition percentage may exceed 100. Manufacturing is included in the Industry figures and is also reported separately because it plays a critical role in many economies.

Economic Indicators [1]

Inflation, consumer prices (annual %) 8.79% (2016)
External debt stocks, total (DOD, current US$) $4,251,270,000 (2016)
Total tax rate (% of commercial profits) 29.6% (2017)
Real Interest Rate (5 year average %) -6.207% (2010)
Manufacturing, value added (% of GDP) 5.757% (2016)
Current Account Balance (BoP, current US$) $2,446,630,400 (2015)
Click on a row to display its 5-year graph on the right.

Labor and Employment [1]

Labor Force, Total 16,812,786 (2017)
Employment in Agriculture (% of total employment) 66.5% (2013)
Employment in Industry (% of total employment) 11.2% (2013)
Employment in Services (% of total employment) 22.4% (2013)
Unemployment Rate 2.999% (2017)
Click on a row to display its 5-year graph on the right.

Trade [1]

Imports of goods and services (current US$) $8,321,894,907 (2016)
Exports of goods and services (current US$) $2,253,504,600 (2016)
Total Merchandise Trade (% of GDP) 49.14% (2016)
FDI, net inflows (BoP, current US$) $105,993,040 (2016)
Commercial Service Exports (current US$) $1,060,298,853 (2015)
Click on a row to display its 5-year graph on the right.

Economic Snapshot [1]

Note: Percentile ranks are calculated using the latest available data for all countries within the last 5 years.

How to interpret the graph: The purpose of this graph is to take a snapshot of a country’s economy in comparison to other economies. For example, Nepal’s Exports rank is higher than (please wait...) of the countries in the dataset. For Exports, FDI and GDP measures, a higher rank (closer to 100%) indicates a stronger economy. Conversely, for Unemployment and Inflation, a lower rank (closer to 0%) indicates a stronger economy.

Due to unavailable data the following indicators have been omitted:
  • Exports
  • FDI, net inflows
  • GDP Growth Rate
  • GDP Per Capita
  • Inflation
  • Unemployment


  1. The World Bank