People [1]

People

Population 5,223,376 (2021)
Population Growth Rate 2.261 annual % (2021)
Age Dependency Ratio 34.22 % of working-age population (2021)
Urban Population 87.044 % of total (2021)
Infant Mortality Rate 9.5 per 1,000 live births (2020)
Life Expectancy at Birth 78.078 years (2020)

Age Distribution - % of Total Population (2021)

Energy [2]

Electricity

Ranking
Production 34.22 billion kWh (2020) #62
Consumption 32.32 billion kWh (2019) #61
Exports 0 billion kWh (2019) #95
Imports 0 billion kWh (2019) #116
Renewable Electricity Generation 0.004 billion kWh (2020) #175

Oil

Ranking
Production 980.21 thousand bbl/day (2021) #20
Consumption 234.18 thousand bbl/day (2019) #51
Exports (Refined) [3] 806 thousand bbl/day (2013) #19
Imports (Refined) [3] 7.06 thousand bbl/day (2013) #78
Proved Reserves (Crude) 5.373 billion bbl (2021) #22

Natural Gas

Ranking
Production (Gross) 1,335.613 billion cu ft (2015) #28
Consumption (Dry) 916.25 billion cu ft (2021) #35
Exports (Dry) 486.42 billion cu ft (2021) #16
Imports (Dry) 47.33 billion cu ft (2021) #58
Proved Reserves 23 trillion cu ft (2021) #28

Other [3]

Technology

Airports 132 (2013)
Cellular Telephones 6,440,889 (2018 est.)
Highways 60,230 km (2012)
Internet Users 2,342,483 (2016 est.)
Telephones 560,326 (2018 est.)

Geography & Environment

LocationMiddle East, bordering the Arabian Sea, Gulf of Oman, and Persian Gulf, between Yemen and UAE
Total Area309,500 sq. km
Land Area309,500 sq. km
Water Area0 sq. km
Coastline2,092 km
Climatedry desert; hot, humid along coast; hot, dry interior; strong southwest summer monsoon (May to September) in far south
Terraincentral desert plain, rugged mountains in north and south
Lowest PointArabian Sea 0 m
Highest Point Jabal Shams 3,004 m

Sources

  1. The World Bank Date Accessed: 11/6/2022
  2. U.S. Energy Information Administration
  3. CIA World Factbook Date Accessed: 5/9/2020