Economic Trivia

Agriculture accounts for more than one-fifth of output and two-fifths of employment.

Trade Source: United Nations Comtrade
Note: Top 3 trade partners are calculated by imports + exports.

Top 3 Trade Partners (2017): China, United Arab Emirates, and United States
Top 3 Exported Goods (2017): Textile Articles, Cotton, and Apparel: Knit

Top Industries Source: CIA World Factbook

Textiles and Apparel; Food Processing; Pharmaceuticals; Construction Materials

Gross Domestic Product (GDP) [1]

GDP, PPP (current international) $1,176,498,290,821 (2018)
GDP Growth Rate (annual %) 5.43% (2018)
GDP Per Capita, PPP (current international) $5,544 (2018)
Click on a row to display its 5-year graph on the right.

GDP Country Rank 23/196 (2018)

GDP Composition %

Note: GDP composition percentage may exceed 100. Manufacturing is included in the Industry figures and is also reported separately because it plays a critical role in many economies.

Economic Indicators [1]

Inflation, consumer prices (annual %) 5.078% (2018)
External debt stocks, total (DOD, current US$) $90,957,392,314 (2018)
Total tax rate (% of commercial profits) 34.1% (2018)
Real Interest Rate (5 year average %) 6.327% (2018)
Manufacturing, value added (% of GDP) 12.128% (2018)
Current Account Balance (BoP, current US$) ($19,191,340,000) (2018)
Click on a row to display its 5-year graph on the right.

Labor and Employment [1]

Labor Force, Total 73,234,565 (2018)
Employment in Agriculture (% of total employment) 41.671% (2018)
Employment in Industry (% of total employment) 23.642% (2018)
Employment in Services (% of total employment) 34.686% (2018)
Unemployment Rate 3.038% (2018)
Click on a row to display its 5-year graph on the right.

Trade [1]

Imports of goods and services (current US$) $60,763,266,727 (2018)
Exports of goods and services (current US$) $26,661,402,111 (2018)
Total Merchandise Trade (% of GDP) 26.86% (2018)
FDI, net inflows (BoP, current US$) $2,354,000,000 (2018)
Commercial Service Exports (current US$) $4,065,900,000 (2018)
Click on a row to display its 5-year graph on the right.

Economic Snapshot [1]

Note: Percentile ranks are calculated using the latest available data for all countries within the last 5 years.

How to interpret the graph: The purpose of this graph is to take a snapshot of a country’s economy in comparison to other economies. For example, Pakistan’s Exports rank is higher than (please wait...) of the countries in the dataset. For Exports, FDI and GDP measures, a higher rank (closer to 100%) indicates a stronger economy. Conversely, for Unemployment and Inflation, a lower rank (closer to 0%) indicates a stronger economy.

Due to unavailable data the following indicators have been omitted:
  • Exports
  • FDI, net inflows
  • GDP Growth Rate
  • GDP Per Capita
  • Inflation
  • Unemployment


  1. The World Bank