Economic Trivia

Agriculture accounts for more than one-fifth of output and two-fifths of employment.

Trade Source: United Nations Comtrade
Note: Top 3 trade partners are calculated by imports + exports.

Top 3 Trade Partners (2016): China, United Arab Emirates, and United States
Top 3 Exported Goods (2016): Textile Articles, Cotton, and Apparel: Knit

Top Industries Source: CIA World Factbook

Textiles and Apparel; Food Processing; Pharmaceuticals; Construction Materials

Gross Domestic Product (GDP) [1]

GDP, PPP (current international) $1,014,180,695,173 (2016)
GDP Growth Rate (annual %) 5.741% (2016)
GDP Per Capita, PPP (current international) $5,249 (2016)
Click on a row to display its 5-year graph on the right.

GDP Country Rank 24/194 (2016)

GDP Composition %

Note: GDP composition percentage may exceed 100. Manufacturing is included in the Industry figures and is also reported separately because it plays a critical role in many economies.

Economic Indicators [1]

Inflation, consumer prices (annual %) 3.753% (2016)
External debt stocks, total (DOD, current US$) $72,697,473,000 (2016)
Total tax rate (% of commercial profits) 33.8% (2017)
Real Interest Rate (5 year average %) 6.821% (2016)
Manufacturing, value added (% of GDP) 12.732% (2016)
Current Account Balance (BoP, current US$) ($1,602,800,000) (2015)
Click on a row to display its 5-year graph on the right.

Labor and Employment [1]

Labor Force, Total 69,757,708 (2017)
Employment in Agriculture (% of total employment) 43.5% (2014)
Employment in Industry (% of total employment) 22.5% (2014)
Employment in Services (% of total employment) 34% (2014)
Unemployment Rate 5.85% (2017)
Click on a row to display its 5-year graph on the right.

Trade [1]

Imports of goods and services (current US$) $44,878,836,988 (2016)
Exports of goods and services (current US$) $24,662,875,960 (2016)
Total Merchandise Trade (% of GDP) 23.828% (2016)
FDI, net inflows (BoP, current US$) $2,324,000,000 (2016)
Commercial Service Exports (current US$) $3,344,000,000 (2015)
Click on a row to display its 5-year graph on the right.

Economic Snapshot [1]

Note: Percentile ranks are calculated using the latest available data for all countries within the last 5 years.

How to interpret the graph: The purpose of this graph is to take a snapshot of a country’s economy in comparison to other economies. For example, Pakistan’s Exports rank is higher than (please wait...) of the countries in the dataset. For Exports, FDI and GDP measures, a higher rank (closer to 100%) indicates a stronger economy. Conversely, for Unemployment and Inflation, a lower rank (closer to 0%) indicates a stronger economy.

Due to unavailable data the following indicators have been omitted:
  • Exports
  • FDI, net inflows
  • GDP Growth Rate
  • GDP Per Capita
  • Inflation
  • Unemployment


  1. The World Bank