Key Figures

Chief of State:
President Marcelo Rebelo de Sousa
Head of Government:
Prime Minister António Costa


Government Name:
Portuguese Republic
Adopted: 2005; Outlines basic topics such as fundamental rights and duties, organization of the economy, organization of political power, the government, autonomous regions, local government, public administration, and national defense.
Government Type:
Portuguese Republic Flag
Coat of Arms of Portuguese Republic

Index of Economic Freedom

Grades each country on a scale of 0 to 100, based on ten freedoms, with 100 representing the greatest amount of economic autonomy from government intervention. Source: Heritage Foundation (2019)

Country Risk Rating

The political and economic situation is good. A basically stable and efficient business environment nonetheless leaves room for improvement. Corporate default probability is low on average. Source: Coface (2019)

Government Branches

Main Powers Election Process Election Cycle 1

President is commander in chief of the armed forces, appointing and dismissing the prime minister, dissolving assembly to call early elections, and voting legislation. Prime Minister coordinates the action of ministers and represents the Government of Portugal

President is elected by absolute majority vote through a two-round system. Prime minster is appointed by the president.

President: 5 years, Prime Minister: 4 years


Supreme Court serves as the court of last appeal, while Constitutional Court reviews the constitutionality of legislation.

Supreme Court justices are nominated by the president and appointed by the Assembly of the Republic. Constitutional Court has 10 justices elected by the Assembly of the Republic and 3 are elected by the other Constitutional Court judges.

6 years


May dismiss the government through a vote of no confidence, change laws, and amend the constitution.

Assembly of the Republic members are elected through a closed-list proportional representation system.

4 years

Regional Trade Blocs

International Organization Participation [2]

Environmental Agreements [3]

Tax Information [2]

Tax Authority:
Ministry of Finance
Tax Name:


  1. ElectionGuide
  2. EY,
  3. CIA World Factbook,
  4. U.S. Bilateral Relations Fact Sheets