Key Figures

Chief of State:
President Julius Maada Bio
Head of Government:
President Julius Maada Bio


Government Name:
Republic of Sierra Leone
Adopted: 1991; Sierra's Leone constitution outlines basic concepts such as the structure and functions of the branches of government and its various members. In addition, chapters are dedicated to defining the fundamental rights of its citizens, discussing the composition of the armed forces, territorial provisions, and the laws of the country.
Government Type:
Presidential Republic
Republic of Sierra Leone Flag
Coat of Arms of Republic of Sierra Leone

Index of Economic Freedom

Grades each country on a scale of 0 to 100, based on ten freedoms, with 100 representing the greatest amount of economic autonomy from government intervention. Source: Heritage Foundation (2023)

Country Risk Rating

A high-risk political and economic situation and an often very difficult business environment can have a very significant impact on corporate payment behavior. Corporate default probability is very high. Source: Coface (2022)

Government Branches

Main Powers Election Process Election Cycle 1

Head of state and the head of government of Sierra Leone, as well as the commander-in-chief of the Armed Forces.

President is elected by absolute majority vote through a two-round system.

5 years


Supreme Court has final jurisdiction in all civil and criminal cases within Sierra Leone, and its decisions cannot be appealed.

Appointed by president.

Mandatory retirement age of 65


Can pass nationwide laws, authority to impeach the president for violating the constitution, and approve treaties, agreements or conventions with another nation.

Legislature has 112 members elected by plurality vote in single-member constituencies to serve and 12 members elected by indirect vote.

5 years

Regional Trade Blocs

International Organization Participation [2]

Environmental Agreements [3]

Tax Information [2]

Tax Authority:
Information not available
Tax Name:
Information not available


  1. ElectionGuide
  2. EY,
  3. CIA World Factbook,
  4. U.S. Bilateral Relations Fact Sheets