• Sudan gains its independence from a joint British-Egyptian rule.

  • First civil war between northern and southern parts of Sudan initiates.

  • Oil is discovered in present-day South Sudan.
  • North/South Comprehensive Peace Agreement ends the second civil war that took place in 1983; deal provides autonomy for the south.

  • The people of South Sudan vote in favor of full independence from Sudan, after years of tension between nations, however, some border areas remain in dispute.

  • The presidents of Sudan and South Sudan agree to trade, oil, and security deals.

  • Sudan and South Sudan agree to resume pumping oil after a bitter dispute over fees that saw production shut down more than a year earlier.


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