People [1]


Population 10,975,920 (2018)
Population Growth Rate 0.595 annual % (2018)
Age Dependency Ratio 82.544 % of working-age population (2018)
Urban Population 19.615 % of total (2018)
Infant Mortality Rate 63.7 per 1,000 live births (2018)
Life Expectancy at Birth 57.365 years (2017)

Age Distribution - % of Total Population (2018)

Energy [2]


Production 0.51 billion kWh (2017) #157
Consumption 0.486 billion kWh (2017) #161
Exports 0 billion kWh (2017) #98
Imports 0 billion kWh (2017) #112
Renewable Electricity Generation 0.003 billion kWh (2017) #173


Production 125.863 thousand bbl/day (2018) #43
Consumption 7.744 thousand bbl/day (2017) #155

Natural Gas

Production (Gross) 0 billion cu ft (2015) #97
Consumption (Dry) 0 billion cu ft (2017) #115
Exports (Dry) 0 billion cu ft (2017) #56
Imports (Dry) 0 billion cu ft (2017) #79

Other [3]


Airports 85 (2013)
Cellular Telephones 2,899,000 (2016 est.)
Highways 7,000 km (2012)
Note: most of the road network is unpaved and much of it is in disrepair; a 192-km paved road between the capital, Juba, and Nimule on the Ugandan border was constructed with USAID funds in 2012
Railways 248 km (2014)
Telephones 150 (2016 est.)

Geography & Environment

LocationSahel region of northeastern Africa; south of Sudan, north of Uganda and Kenya, west of Ethiopia
Total Area644,329 sq. km
Land Area0 sq. km
Water Area0 sq. km
Coastline0 km
Climatehot with seasonal rainfall influenced by the annual shift of the Inter-Tropical Convergence Zone; rainfall is heaviest in the upland areas of the south and diminishes to the north
Terrainthe terrain gradually rises from plains in the north and center to southern highlands along the border with Uganda and Kenya; the White Nile, flowing north out of the uplands of Central Africa, is the major geographic feature of the country supporting agriculture and extensive wild animal populations; The Sudd (a name derived from floating vegetation that hinders navigation) is a large swampy area of more than 100,000 sq km fed by the waters of the White Nile that dominates the center of the country
Lowest Point0
Highest Point Kinyeti 3,187 m


  1. The World Bank Date Accessed: 9/6/2019
  2. U.S. Energy Information Administration
  3. CIA World Factbook Date Accessed: 12/5/2017