• European interest begins when Portuguese arrive in Colombo, the largest city in Sri Lanka.

  • Dutch force out the Portuguese and establish control over the island except for the central kingdom of Kandy. 

  • After the British begin to take over the island in 1796, the whole island is reunited under a British administration.

  • Ceylon, present day Sri Lanka, gains independence from Britain.

  • Ceylon changes its name to Sri Lanka.

  • More than 30,000 people are killed when a tsunami devastated coastal communities. 

  • An emergency loan, worth $1.9 billion, from the International Monetary Fund is rejected by the government due to the conditions attached. 

Sources:

BBC News open_in_new
Britannica open_in_new