• Sudan gains independence from a joint British-Egyptian rule.

  • The first civil war between northern and southern parts of Sudan initiates.

  • Oil is discovered in southern Sudan. 

  • Civil war breaks out in the south between government forces and the Sudan People's Liberation Movement (SPLM).
  • Sudan begins to export oil.
  • North/South Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) ends the second civil war that took place in 1983; deal provides autonomy for the south.

  • The people of South Sudan vote in favor of full independence from Sudan after years of tension between nations, however, some border areas remain in dispute.

  • Sudan and South Sudan agree to resume pumping oil after a bitter dispute over fees that saw production shut down more than a year earlier.


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