People [1]

People

Population 43,849,269 (2020)
Population Growth Rate 2.391 annual % (2020)
Age Dependency Ratio 76.908 % of working-age population (2020)
Urban Population 35.253 % of total (2020)
Infant Mortality Rate 41 per 1,000 live births (2019)
Life Expectancy at Birth 65.311 years (2019)

Age Distribution - % of Total Population (2020)

Energy [2]

Electricity

Ranking
Production 15.901 billion kWh (2018) #88
Consumption 11.463 billion kWh (2018) #93
Exports 0 billion kWh (2019) #95
Imports 0 billion kWh (2019) #112
Renewable Electricity Generation 9.698 billion kWh (2018) #64

Oil

Ranking
Production 66.931 thousand bbl/day (2020) #58
Consumption 135 thousand bbl/day (2018) #72
Exports (Refined) [3] 98.68 thousand bbl/day (2013) #36
Imports (Refined) [3] 0 thousand bbl/day (2013) #85
Proved Reserves (Crude) 5 billion bbl (2021) #23

Natural Gas

Ranking
Production (Gross) 0 billion cu ft (2015) #97
Consumption (Dry) 0 billion cu ft (2020) #119
Exports (Dry) 0 billion cu ft (2020) #57
Imports (Dry) 0 billion cu ft (2020) #85
Proved Reserves 3 trillion cu ft (2021) #55

Other [3]

Technology

Airports 89 (2020)
Cellular Telephones 30,100,412 (2018 est.)
Internet Users 10,284,260 (2016 est.)
Railways 7,251 km (2014)
Telephones 0 (2018 est.)

Geography & Environment

LocationNorthern Africa, bordering the Red Sea, between Egypt and Eritrea
Total Area1,861,484 sq. km
Land Area1,731,671 sq. km
Water Area129,813 sq. km
Coastline853 km
Climatetropical in south; arid desert in north; rainy season varies by region (April to November)
Terraingenerally flat, featureless plain; mountains in far south, northeast and west; desert dominates the north
Lowest PointRed Sea 0 m
Highest Point Jabal Marrah 3,042 m

Sources

  1. The World Bank Date Accessed: 10/3/2021
  2. U.S. Energy Information Administration
  3. CIA World Factbook Date Accessed: 5/9/2020