People [1]

People

Population 28,435,943 (2020)
Population Growth Rate -0.281 annual % (2020)
Age Dependency Ratio 54.405 % of working-age population (2020)
Urban Population 88.279 % of total (2020)
Infant Mortality Rate 21 per 1,000 live births (2019)
Life Expectancy at Birth 72.064 years (2019)

Age Distribution - % of Total Population (2020)

Energy [2]

Electricity

Ranking
Production 105.404 billion kWh (2019) #34
Consumption 78.082 billion kWh (2019) #38
Exports 0.87 billion kWh (2019) #66
Imports 0 billion kWh (2019) #116
Renewable Electricity Generation 72.098 billion kWh (2020) #16

Oil

Ranking
Production 552.857 thousand bbl/day (2020) #27
Consumption 470.585 thousand bbl/day (2019) #35
Exports (Refined) [3] 1,548 thousand bbl/day (2013) #10
Imports (Refined) [3] 0 thousand bbl/day (2013) #85
Proved Reserves (Crude) 303.806 billion bbl (2021) #1

Natural Gas

Ranking
Production (Gross) 2,832.122 billion cu ft (2015) #14
Consumption (Dry) 801.453 billion cu ft (2019) #35
Exports (Dry) 0 billion cu ft (2020) #57
Imports (Dry) 0 billion cu ft (2020) #85
Proved Reserves 200.372 trillion cu ft (2021) #10

Other [3]

Technology

Airports 444 (2013)
Cellular Telephones 20,731,169 (2018 est.)
Highways 96,189 km (2014)
Internet Users 18,547,381 (2016 est.)
Railways 447 km (2014)
Telephones 5,547,291 (2018 est.)

Geography & Environment

LocationNorthern South America, bordering the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean, between Colombia and Guyana
Total Area912,050 sq. km
Land Area882,050 sq. km
Water Area30,000 sq. km
Coastline2,800 km
Climatetropical; hot, humid; more moderate in highlands
TerrainAndes Mountains and Maracaibo Lowlands in northwest; central plains (llanos); Guiana Highlands in southeast
Lowest PointCaribbean Sea 0 m
Highest Point Pico Bolivar 4,978 m

Sources

  1. The World Bank Date Accessed: 10/3/2021
  2. U.S. Energy Information Administration
  3. CIA World Factbook Date Accessed: 5/9/2020