People [1]

People

Population 28,870,195 (2018)
Population Growth Rate -1.786 annual % (2018)
Age Dependency Ratio 53.689 % of working-age population (2018)
Urban Population 88.208 % of total (2018)
Infant Mortality Rate 21.4 per 1,000 live births (2018)
Life Expectancy at Birth 72.128 years (2018)

Age Distribution - % of Total Population (2018)

Energy [2]

Electricity

Ranking
Production 103.866 billion kWh (2017) #34
Consumption 69.494 billion kWh (2017) #39
Exports 1.14 billion kWh (2017) #59
Imports 0 billion kWh (2017) #112
Renewable Electricity Generation 64.296 billion kWh (2017) #17

Oil

Ranking
Production 1,541.592 thousand bbl/day (2018) #18
Consumption 493 thousand bbl/day (2017) #33
Exports (Refined) [3] 1,548 thousand bbl/day (2013) #10
Imports (Refined) [3] 0 thousand bbl/day (2013) #85
Proved Reserves (Crude) 302.809 billion bbl (2019) #1

Natural Gas

Ranking
Production (Gross) 2,832.122 billion cu ft (2015) #14
Consumption (Dry) 854.624 billion cu ft (2017) #33
Exports (Dry) 0 billion cu ft (2017) #56
Imports (Dry) 0 billion cu ft (2017) #79
Proved Reserves 201.537 trillion cu ft (2019) #9

Other [3]

Technology

Airports 444 (2013)
Cellular Telephones 20,731,169 (2018 est.)
Highways 96,189 km (2014)
Internet Users 18,547,381 (2016 est.)
Railways 447 km (2014)
Telephones 5,547,291 (2018 est.)

Geography & Environment

LocationNorthern South America, bordering the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean, between Colombia and Guyana
Total Area912,050 sq. km
Land Area882,050 sq. km
Water Area30,000 sq. km
Coastline2,800 km
Climatetropical; hot, humid; more moderate in highlands
TerrainAndes Mountains and Maracaibo Lowlands in northwest; central plains (llanos); Guiana Highlands in southeast
Lowest PointCaribbean Sea 0 m
Highest Point Pico Bolivar 4,978 m

Sources

  1. The World Bank Date Accessed: 9/6/2019
  2. U.S. Energy Information Administration
  3. CIA World Factbook Date Accessed: 5/9/2020