Economic Trivia

Vietnam is considered one of the leading agricultural exporters of Southeast Asia.

Trade Source: United Nations Comtrade
Note: Top 3 trade partners are calculated by imports + exports.

Top 3 Trade Partners (2019): China, United States, and South Korea
Top 3 Exported Goods (2019): Electrical Machinery, Footwear, and Apparel: Non Knit

Top Industries Source: CIA World Factbook

Food Processing; Garments; Shoes; Machine-Building

Gross Domestic Product (GDP) [1]

GDP, PPP (current international) $1,134,151,345,830 (2021)
GDP Growth Rate (annual %) 2.589% (2021)
GDP Per Capita, PPP (current international) $11,553 (2021)
Click on a row to display its 5-year graph on the right.

GDP Country Rank 25/197 (2021)

GDP Composition %

Note: GDP composition percentage may exceed 100. Manufacturing is included in the Industry figures and is also reported separately because it plays a critical role in many economies.

Economic Indicators [1]

Inflation, consumer prices (annual %) 1.835% (2021)
External debt stocks, total (DOD, current US$) $125,045,334,156 (2020)
Total tax rate (% of commercial profits) 37.6% (2019)
Real Interest Rate (5 year average %) 4.906% (2021)
Manufacturing, value added (% of GDP) 16.696% (2020)
Current Account Balance (BoP, current US$) ($3,812,000,000) (2021)
Click on a row to display its 5-year graph on the right.

Labor and Employment [1]

Labor Force, Total 56,151,046 (2021)
Employment in Agriculture (% of total employment) 36.231% (2020)
Employment in Industry (% of total employment) 28.355% (2020)
Employment in Services (% of total employment) 35.414% (2020)
Unemployment Rate 2.166% (2021)
Click on a row to display its 5-year graph on the right.

Trade [1]

Imports of goods and services (current US$) $278,491,616,319 (2020)
Exports of goods and services (current US$) $286,206,893,744 (2020)
Total Merchandise Trade (% of GDP) 184.071% (2021)
FDI, net inflows (BoP, current US$) $15,800,000,000 (2020)
Commercial Service Exports (current US$) $3,673,000,000 (2021)
Click on a row to display its 5-year graph on the right.

Economic Snapshot [1]

Note: Percentile ranks are calculated using the latest available data for all countries within the last 5 years.

How to interpret the graph: The purpose of this graph is to take a snapshot of a country’s economy in comparison to other economies. For example, Vietnam’s Exports rank is higher than (please wait...) of the countries in the dataset. For Exports, FDI and GDP measures, a higher rank (closer to 100%) indicates a stronger economy. Conversely, for Unemployment and Inflation, a lower rank (closer to 0%) indicates a stronger economy.

Due to unavailable data the following indicators have been omitted:
  • Exports
  • FDI, net inflows
  • GDP Growth Rate
  • GDP Per Capita
  • Inflation
  • Unemployment


  1. The World Bank