South Carolina is located in the Southeast United States with access to the Atlantic Ocean. The name “Carolina” was derived from the Latin word for Charles, “Carolana,” for King Charles I of England. South Carolina was primarily an agricultural state until the 20th century and cotton has historically been South Carolina’s main cash crop. Today, the state also grows a substantial amount of tobacco and soybeans. Agricultural products also form the foundation of South Carolina’s manufacturing sector. The clothing and textile industries rely on cotton grown in the state. Other major products from South Carolina include chemicals, machinery, and automobiles. Apart from manufacturing and agriculture, tourism and the military play a big role in the economy. U.S. military operations in South Carolina include Fort Jackson in Columbia, the Marine Corps at Parris Island and Beaufort, and Air Force bases in Sumter and Charleston.

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