People [1]

People

Population 24,598,933 (2017)
Population Growth Rate 1.59 annual % (2017)
Age Dependency Ratio 52.709 % of working-age population (2017)
Urban Population 85.904 % of total (2017)
Infant Mortality Rate 3 per 1,000 live births (2017)
Life Expectancy at Birth 82.5 years (2016)

Age Distribution - % of Total Population (2017)

Energy [2]

Electricity

Ranking
Production 243 billion kWh (2016) #19
Consumption 229 billion kWh (2016) #19
Exports 0 billion kWh (2016) #85
Imports 0 billion kWh (2016) #105
Renewable Electricity Generation 37 billion kWh (2016) #24

Oil

Ranking
Production 350 thousand bbl/day (2017) #31
Consumption 1,175 thousand bbl/day (2017) #20
Exports (Refined) [3] 248.4 thousand bbl/day (2013) #29
Imports (Refined) [3] 332.8 thousand bbl/day (2013) #26
Proved Reserves (Crude) 1.8 billion bbl (2018) #34

Natural Gas

Ranking
Production (Gross) 2,384 billion cu ft (2015) #16
Consumption (Dry) 1,598 billion cu ft (2017) #19
Exports (Dry) 2,400 billion cu ft (2017) #6
Imports (Dry) 204 billion cu ft (2017) #33
Proved Reserves 70 trillion cu ft (2018) #18

Other [3]

Technology

Airports 480 (2013)
Cellular Telephones 26,550,000 (2016 est.)
Highways 823,217 km (2011)
Internet Users 20,288,409 (2016 est.)
Railways 36,968 km (2014)
Telephones 8,180,000 (2016 est.)

Geography & Environment

LocationOceania, continent between the Indian Ocean and the South Pacific Ocean
Total Area7,741,220 sq. km
Land Area7,682,300 sq. km
Water Area58,920 sq. km
Coastline25,760 km
Climategenerally arid to semiarid; temperate in south and east; tropical in north
Terrainmostly low plateau with deserts; fertile plain in southeast
Lowest PointLake Eyre -15 m
Highest Point Mount Kosciuszko 2,229 m

Sources

  1. The World Bank Date Accessed: 7/6/2018
  2. U.S. Energy Information Administration
  3. CIA World Factbook Date Accessed: 12/5/2017