Economic Trivia

Agriculture is the livelihood for 55.4% of Bhutan's population.

Trade Source: United Nations Comtrade
Note: Top 3 trade partners are calculated by imports + exports.

Top 3 Trade Partners (2012): India, South Korea, and Bangladesh
Top 3 Exported Goods (2012): Iron & Steel, Oil & Mineral Fuels, and Natural Minerals & Stone

Top Industries Source: CIA World Factbook

Cement; Wood Products; Processed Fruits; Alcoholic Beverages

Gross Domestic Product (GDP) [1]

GDP, PPP (current international) $7,947,431,933 (2018)
GDP Growth Rate (annual %) 2.291% (2018)
GDP Per Capita, PPP (current international) $10,535 (2018)
Click on a row to display its 5-year graph on the right.

GDP Country Rank 159/196 (2018)

GDP Composition %

Note: GDP composition percentage may exceed 100. Manufacturing is included in the Industry figures and is also reported separately because it plays a critical role in many economies.

Economic Indicators [1]

Inflation, consumer prices (annual %) 2.724% (2018)
External debt stocks, total (DOD, current US$) $2,549,154,261 (2018)
Total tax rate (% of commercial profits) 35.3% (2019)
Real Interest Rate (5 year average %) 10.734% (2018)
Manufacturing, value added (% of GDP) 7.252% (2017)
Current Account Balance (BoP, current US$) ($497,629,633) (2018)
Click on a row to display its 5-year graph on the right.

Labor and Employment [1]

Labor Force, Total 381,742 (2019)
Employment in Agriculture (% of total employment) 56.392% (2019)
Employment in Industry (% of total employment) 9.796% (2019)
Employment in Services (% of total employment) 33.812% (2019)
Unemployment Rate 2.187% (2019)
Click on a row to display its 5-year graph on the right.

Trade [1]

Imports of goods and services (current US$) $1,252,713,528 (2017)
Exports of goods and services (current US$) $735,446,792 (2017)
Total Merchandise Trade (% of GDP) 64.695% (2018)
FDI, net inflows (BoP, current US$) $2,649,713 (2018)
Commercial Service Exports (current US$) $179,816,759 (2018)
Click on a row to display its 5-year graph on the right.

Economic Snapshot [1]

Note: Percentile ranks are calculated using the latest available data for all countries within the last 5 years.

How to interpret the graph: The purpose of this graph is to take a snapshot of a country’s economy in comparison to other economies. For example, Bhutan’s Exports rank is higher than (please wait...) of the countries in the dataset. For Exports, FDI and GDP measures, a higher rank (closer to 100%) indicates a stronger economy. Conversely, for Unemployment and Inflation, a lower rank (closer to 0%) indicates a stronger economy.

Due to unavailable data the following indicators have been omitted:
  • Exports
  • FDI, net inflows
  • GDP Growth Rate
  • GDP Per Capita
  • Inflation
  • Unemployment


  1. The World Bank