Economic Trivia

The private sector accounts for more than 80% of GDP.

Trade Source: United Nations Comtrade
Note: Top 3 trade partners are calculated by imports + exports.

Top 3 Trade Partners (2017): Germany, Italy, and Romania
Top 3 Exported Goods (2017): Electrical Machinery, Copper, and Oil & Mineral Fuels

Top Industries Source: CIA World Factbook

Electricity; Gas; Water; Food

Gross Domestic Product (GDP) [1]

GDP, PPP (current international) $148,227,624,523 (2017)
GDP Growth Rate (annual %) 3.811% (2017)
GDP Per Capita, PPP (current international) $20,948 (2017)
Click on a row to display its 5-year graph on the right.

GDP Country Rank 76/195 (2017)

GDP Composition %

Note: GDP composition percentage may exceed 100. Manufacturing is included in the Industry figures and is also reported separately because it plays a critical role in many economies.

Economic Indicators [1]

Inflation, consumer prices (annual %) 2.064% (2017)
External debt stocks, total (DOD, current US$) $40,438,225,251 (2017)
Total tax rate (% of commercial profits) 27.7% (2018)
Real Interest Rate (5 year average %) 1.97% (2017)
Manufacturing, value added (% of GDP) 14.681% (2017)
Current Account Balance (BoP, current US$) $1,847,290,000 (2017)
Click on a row to display its 5-year graph on the right.

Labor and Employment [1]

Labor Force, Total 3,326,595 (2018)
Employment in Agriculture (% of total employment) 6.944% (2018)
Employment in Industry (% of total employment) 29.787% (2018)
Employment in Services (% of total employment) 63.27% (2018)
Unemployment Rate 5.261% (2018)
Click on a row to display its 5-year graph on the right.

Trade [1]

Imports of goods and services (current US$) $37,090,809,565 (2017)
Exports of goods and services (current US$) $39,222,875,252 (2017)
Total Merchandise Trade (% of GDP) 112.71% (2017)
FDI, net inflows (BoP, current US$) $2,182,120,000 (2017)
Commercial Service Exports (current US$) $8,891,060,000 (2017)
Click on a row to display its 5-year graph on the right.

Economic Snapshot [1]

Note: Percentile ranks are calculated using the latest available data for all countries within the last 5 years.

How to interpret the graph: The purpose of this graph is to take a snapshot of a country’s economy in comparison to other economies. For example, Bulgaria’s Exports rank is higher than (please wait...) of the countries in the dataset. For Exports, FDI and GDP measures, a higher rank (closer to 100%) indicates a stronger economy. Conversely, for Unemployment and Inflation, a lower rank (closer to 0%) indicates a stronger economy.

Due to unavailable data the following indicators have been omitted:
  • Exports
  • FDI, net inflows
  • GDP Growth Rate
  • GDP Per Capita
  • Inflation
  • Unemployment


  1. The World Bank