Exporter Rank

50 / 121

Importer Rank

49 / 121

Trade Balance Rank

85 / 121

Total Trade [1]

Total Exports (2017) $29,818,153,732
Total Imports (2017) $34,214,852,495
Trade Balance (2017) ($4,396,698,763)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) (2017) [2] 66.33%
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) (2017) [2] 64.8%

Trade Partners [1]

Export Partners

Top 10 Export Countries

Country Export USD$
Germany $3,994,451,429
Italy $2,454,501,195
Romania $2,390,190,662
Turkey $2,351,204,689
Greece $1,824,783,907
Belgium $1,256,432,663
France $1,212,369,211
Spain $878,675,471
Russia $809,120,075
Netherlands $737,939,138

Import Partners

Top 10 Import Countries

Country Import USD$
Germany $4,189,215,451
Russia $3,500,094,225
Italy $2,481,187,105
Romania $2,413,472,550
Turkey $2,156,509,690
Spain $1,797,620,701
Greece $1,507,604,566
Netherlands $1,257,380,549
China $1,254,332,753
Poland $1,235,633,462

Traded Goods [1] (at the 2-digit HS Code level)

Top 10 Export Goods

HS Code Export USD$
(85) Electrical Machinery $2,972,028,419
(74) Copper $2,760,680,796
(27) Oil & Mineral Fuels $2,427,776,120
(84) Industrial Machinery $2,383,819,669
(99) Items nesoi $1,235,903,281
(10) Cereals $1,040,719,124
(73) Iron & Steel Articles $951,134,302
(30) Pharmaceuticals $948,852,890
(62) Apparel: Non Knit $858,291,226
(87) Motor Vehicles & Parts $847,145,967

Top 10 Import Goods

HS Code Import USD$
(27) Oil & Mineral Fuels $4,844,646,957
(84) Industrial Machinery $3,417,021,449
(85) Electrical Machinery $3,104,578,210
(87) Motor Vehicles & Parts $2,367,832,979
(26) Ores $1,941,804,161
(39) Plastics $1,523,391,056
(30) Pharmaceuticals $1,420,679,146
(72) Iron & Steel $1,158,275,139
(38) Chemical Products $776,826,560
(74) Copper $722,137,107

Sources:

  1. UN Comtrade (2017) except where stated otherwise.
  2. The World Bank. Accessed: 12/1/2018
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