Economic Trivia

China is the world leader in gross value of agricultural and industrial outputs.

Trade Source: United Nations Comtrade
Note: Top 3 trade partners are calculated by imports + exports.

Top 3 Trade Partners (2019): United States, Japan, and Hong Kong
Top 3 Exported Goods (2019): Electrical Machinery, Industrial Machinery, and Furniture

Top Industries Source: CIA World Factbook

Mining and Ore Processing (Iron, Steel, Aluminum, Other Metals, Coal); Machine Building; Armaments; Textiles and Apparel; Petroleum; Cement; Chemicals

Gross Domestic Product (GDP) [1]

GDP, PPP (current international) $21,414,903,677,240 (2018)
GDP Growth Rate (annual %) 6.567% (2018)
GDP Per Capita, PPP (current international) $15,376 (2018)
Click on a row to display its 5-year graph on the right.

GDP Country Rank 1/196 (2018)

GDP Composition %

Note: GDP composition percentage may exceed 100. Manufacturing is included in the Industry figures and is also reported separately because it plays a critical role in many economies.

Economic Indicators [1]

Inflation, consumer prices (annual %) 2.899% (2019)
External debt stocks, total (DOD, current US$) $1,962,304,426,779 (2018)
Total tax rate (% of commercial profits) 59.2% (2019)
Real Interest Rate (5 year average %) 1.376% (2018)
Manufacturing, value added (% of GDP) 29.414% (2018)
Current Account Balance (BoP, current US$) $141,335,478,915 (2019)
Click on a row to display its 5-year graph on the right.

Labor and Employment [1]

Labor Force, Total 780,839,528 (2019)
Employment in Agriculture (% of total employment) 25.363% (2019)
Employment in Industry (% of total employment) 28.201% (2019)
Employment in Services (% of total employment) 46.436% (2019)
Unemployment Rate 4.32% (2019)
Click on a row to display its 5-year graph on the right.

Trade [1]

Imports of goods and services (current US$) $2,548,985,628,593 (2018)
Exports of goods and services (current US$) $2,655,609,104,875 (2018)
Total Merchandise Trade (% of GDP) 33.968% (2018)
FDI, net inflows (BoP, current US$) $155,815,344,617 (2019)
Commercial Service Exports (current US$) $231,809,504,743 (2018)
Click on a row to display its 5-year graph on the right.

Economic Snapshot [1]

Note: Percentile ranks are calculated using the latest available data for all countries within the last 5 years.

How to interpret the graph: The purpose of this graph is to take a snapshot of a country’s economy in comparison to other economies. For example, China’s Exports rank is higher than (please wait...) of the countries in the dataset. For Exports, FDI and GDP measures, a higher rank (closer to 100%) indicates a stronger economy. Conversely, for Unemployment and Inflation, a lower rank (closer to 0%) indicates a stronger economy.

Due to unavailable data the following indicators have been omitted:
  • Exports
  • FDI, net inflows
  • GDP Growth Rate
  • GDP Per Capita
  • Inflation
  • Unemployment


  1. The World Bank