People [1]

People

Population 51,265,841 (2021)
Population Growth Rate 0.75 annual % (2021)
Age Dependency Ratio 45.521 % of working-age population (2021)
Urban Population 81.74 % of total (2021)
Infant Mortality Rate 11.4 per 1,000 live births (2020)
Life Expectancy at Birth 77.46 years (2020)

Age Distribution - % of Total Population (2021)

Energy [2]

Electricity

Ranking
Production 75.73 billion kWh (2020) #41
Consumption 71.22 billion kWh (2020) #41
Exports 0 billion kWh (2021) #95
Imports 0.46 billion kWh (2021) #87
Renewable Electricity Generation 49.37 billion kWh (2020) #22

Oil

Ranking
Production 764.19 thousand bbl/day (2021) #23
Consumption 281.61 thousand bbl/day (2020) #44
Exports (Refined) [3] 711.9 thousand bbl/day (2013) #21
Imports (Refined) [3] 0 thousand bbl/day (2013) #85
Proved Reserves (Crude) 2.036 billion bbl (2021) #36

Natural Gas

Ranking
Production (Gross) 979.285 billion cu ft (2015) #30
Consumption (Dry) 414.52 billion cu ft (2021) #48
Exports (Dry) 0 billion cu ft (2020) #58
Imports (Dry) 11.1 billion cu ft (2021) #69
Proved Reserves 3.1 trillion cu ft (2021) #54

Other [3]

Technology

Airports 836 (2013)
Cellular Telephones 64,513,977 (2018 est.)
Highways 206,500 km (2016)
Internet Users 27,452,550 (2016 est.)
Railways 2,141 km (2015)
Telephones 6,973,573 (2018 est.)

Geography & Environment

LocationNorthern South America, bordering the Caribbean Sea, between Panama and Venezuela, and bordering the North Pacific Ocean, between Ecuador and Panama
Total Area1,138,910 sq. km
Land Area1,038,700 sq. km
Water Area100,210 sq. km
Coastline3,208 km
Climatetropical along coast and eastern plains; cooler in highlands
Terrainflat coastal lowlands, central highlands, high Andes Mountains, eastern lowland plains
Lowest PointPacific Ocean 0 m
Highest Point Pico Cristobal Colon 5,730 m

Sources

  1. The World Bank Date Accessed: 11/6/2022
  2. U.S. Energy Information Administration
  3. CIA World Factbook Date Accessed: 5/9/2020