Economic Trivia

Has one of the highest levels of foreign direct investment per capita in Latin America.

Trade Source: United Nations Comtrade
Note: Top 3 trade partners are calculated by imports + exports.

Top 3 Trade Partners (2021): United States, China, and Mexico
Top 3 Exported Goods (2021): Precision Instruments, Fruit & Nuts, and Prepared Foods

Top Industries Source: CIA World Factbook

Microprocessors; Food Processing; Medical Equipment; Textiles and Clothing

Gross Domestic Product (GDP) [1]

GDP, PPP (current international) $120,187,712,024 (2021)
GDP Growth Rate (annual %) 7.58% (2021)
GDP Per Capita, PPP (current international) $23,320 (2021)
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GDP Country Rank 87/197 (2021)

GDP Composition %

Note: GDP composition percentage may exceed 100. Manufacturing is included in the Industry figures and is also reported separately because it plays a critical role in many economies.

Economic Indicators [1]

Inflation, consumer prices (annual %) 1.726% (2021)
External debt stocks, total (DOD, current US$) $33,787,823,209 (2021)
Total tax rate (% of commercial profits) 58.3% (2019)
Real Interest Rate (5 year average %) 3.414% (2021)
Manufacturing, value added (% of GDP) 13.882% (2021)
Current Account Balance (BoP, current US$) ($2,135,735,614) (2021)
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Labor and Employment [1]

Labor Force, Total 2,426,145 (2021)
Employment in Agriculture (% of total employment) 11.891% (2020)
Employment in Industry (% of total employment) 19.789% (2020)
Employment in Services (% of total employment) 68.32% (2020)
Unemployment Rate 17.954% (2021)
Click on a row to display its 5-year graph on the right.

Trade [1]

Imports of goods and services (current US$) $22,161,096,139 (2021)
Exports of goods and services (current US$) $23,226,248,401 (2021)
Total Merchandise Trade (% of GDP) 56.348% (2021)
FDI, net inflows (BoP, current US$) $3,563,150,479 (2021)
Commercial Service Exports (current US$) $8,908,781,701 (2021)
Click on a row to display its 5-year graph on the right.

Economic Snapshot [1]

Note: Percentile ranks are calculated using the latest available data for all countries within the last 5 years.

How to interpret the graph: The purpose of this graph is to take a snapshot of a country’s economy in comparison to other economies. For example, Costa Rica’s Exports rank is higher than (please wait...) of the countries in the dataset. For Exports, FDI and GDP measures, a higher rank (closer to 100%) indicates a stronger economy. Conversely, for Unemployment and Inflation, a lower rank (closer to 0%) indicates a stronger economy.

Due to unavailable data the following indicators have been omitted:
  • Exports
  • FDI, net inflows
  • GDP Growth Rate
  • GDP Per Capita
  • Inflation
  • Unemployment


  1. The World Bank