Economic Trivia

Has one of the highest levels of foreign direct investment per capita in Latin America.

Trade Source: United Nations Comtrade
Note: Top 3 trade partners are calculated by imports + exports.

Top 3 Trade Partners (2016): United States, China, and Mexico
Top 3 Exported Goods (2016): Precision Instruments, Fruit & Nuts, and Prepared Foods

Top Industries Source: CIA World Factbook

Microprocessors; Food Processing; Medical Equipment; Textiles and Clothing

Gross Domestic Product (GDP) [1]

GDP, PPP (current international) $88,215,632,572 (2018)
GDP Growth Rate (annual %) 2.664% (2018)
GDP Per Capita, PPP (current international) $17,645 (2018)
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GDP Country Rank 93/196 (2018)

GDP Composition %

Note: GDP composition percentage may exceed 100. Manufacturing is included in the Industry figures and is also reported separately because it plays a critical role in many economies.

Economic Indicators [1]

Inflation, consumer prices (annual %) 2.221% (2018)
External debt stocks, total (DOD, current US$) $27,818,993,183 (2018)
Total tax rate (% of commercial profits) 58.3% (2018)
Real Interest Rate (5 year average %) 8.571% (2018)
Manufacturing, value added (% of GDP) 11.887% (2018)
Current Account Balance (BoP, current US$) ($1,876,635,684) (2018)
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Labor and Employment [1]

Labor Force, Total 2,362,000 (2018)
Employment in Agriculture (% of total employment) 12.455% (2018)
Employment in Industry (% of total employment) 18.409% (2018)
Employment in Services (% of total employment) 69.135% (2018)
Unemployment Rate 8.128% (2018)
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Trade [1]

Imports of goods and services (current US$) $19,893,952,995 (2018)
Exports of goods and services (current US$) $20,275,454,831 (2018)
Total Merchandise Trade (% of GDP) 45.504% (2018)
FDI, net inflows (BoP, current US$) $2,763,898,445 (2018)
Commercial Service Exports (current US$) $9,096,917,578 (2018)
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Economic Snapshot [1]

Note: Percentile ranks are calculated using the latest available data for all countries within the last 5 years.

How to interpret the graph: The purpose of this graph is to take a snapshot of a country’s economy in comparison to other economies. For example, Costa Rica’s Exports rank is higher than (please wait...) of the countries in the dataset. For Exports, FDI and GDP measures, a higher rank (closer to 100%) indicates a stronger economy. Conversely, for Unemployment and Inflation, a lower rank (closer to 0%) indicates a stronger economy.

Due to unavailable data the following indicators have been omitted:
  • Exports
  • FDI, net inflows
  • GDP Growth Rate
  • GDP Per Capita
  • Inflation
  • Unemployment


  1. The World Bank