Economic Trivia

Has one of the highest levels of foreign direct investment per capita in Latin America.

Trade Source: United Nations Comtrade
Note: Top 3 trade partners are calculated by imports + exports.

Top 3 Trade Partners (2016): United States, China, and Mexico
Top 3 Exported Goods (2016): Precision Instruments, Fruit & Nuts, and Prepared Foods

Top Industries Source: CIA World Factbook

Microprocessors; Food Processing; Medical Equipment; Textiles and Clothing

Gross Domestic Product (GDP) [1]

GDP, PPP (current international) $98,801,203,452 (2018)
GDP Growth Rate (annual %) 2.634% (2018)
GDP Per Capita, PPP (current international) $19,762 (2018)
Click on a row to display its 5-year graph on the right.

GDP Country Rank 88/196 (2018)

GDP Composition %

Note: GDP composition percentage may exceed 100. Manufacturing is included in the Industry figures and is also reported separately because it plays a critical role in many economies.

Economic Indicators [1]

Inflation, consumer prices (annual %) 2.096% (2019)
External debt stocks, total (DOD, current US$) $27,818,993,183 (2018)
Total tax rate (% of commercial profits) 58.3% (2019)
Real Interest Rate (5 year average %) 8.532% (2018)
Manufacturing, value added (% of GDP) 11.865% (2018)
Current Account Balance (BoP, current US$) ($1,998,518,275) (2018)
Click on a row to display its 5-year graph on the right.

Labor and Employment [1]

Labor Force, Total 2,474,024 (2019)
Employment in Agriculture (% of total employment) 12.109% (2019)
Employment in Industry (% of total employment) 19.756% (2019)
Employment in Services (% of total employment) 68.135% (2019)
Unemployment Rate 11.854% (2019)
Click on a row to display its 5-year graph on the right.

Trade [1]

Imports of goods and services (current US$) $19,988,500,404 (2018)
Exports of goods and services (current US$) $20,292,818,941 (2018)
Total Merchandise Trade (% of GDP) 45.501% (2018)
FDI, net inflows (BoP, current US$) $2,506,488,425 (2019)
Commercial Service Exports (current US$) $9,066,530,726 (2018)
Click on a row to display its 5-year graph on the right.

Economic Snapshot [1]

Note: Percentile ranks are calculated using the latest available data for all countries within the last 5 years.

How to interpret the graph: The purpose of this graph is to take a snapshot of a country’s economy in comparison to other economies. For example, Costa Rica’s Exports rank is higher than (please wait...) of the countries in the dataset. For Exports, FDI and GDP measures, a higher rank (closer to 100%) indicates a stronger economy. Conversely, for Unemployment and Inflation, a lower rank (closer to 0%) indicates a stronger economy.

Due to unavailable data the following indicators have been omitted:
  • Exports
  • FDI, net inflows
  • GDP Growth Rate
  • GDP Per Capita
  • Inflation
  • Unemployment


  1. The World Bank