Key Figures

Chief of State:
President Rodrigo Chaves Robles
Head of Government:
President Rodrigo Chaves Robles


Government Name:
Republic of Costa Rica
Adopted: 1949; Provides for the separation of powers between the legislative, executive, and judicial branches. Also, establishes the protection of private property and the protection of intellectual property rights.
Government Type:
Democratic Republic
Republic of Costa Rica Flag
Coat of Arms of Republic of Costa Rica

Index of Economic Freedom

Grades each country on a scale of 0 to 100, based on ten freedoms, with 100 representing the greatest amount of economic autonomy from government intervention. Source: Heritage Foundation (2023)

Country Risk Rating

Political and economic uncertainties and an occasionally difficult business environment can affect corporate payment behavior. Corporate default probability is appreciable. Source: Coface (2022)

Government Branches

Main Powers Election Process Election Cycle 1

The president has limited powers. It cannot veto the legislative budget but can appoint anyone to their cabinet without approval from Congress. The vice-presidents take over reign in the event of the president being unable to do so.

The president is elected by the qualified majority. The vice-presidents are elected on the same ticket as president.

4 years


The supreme court exercises judicial power. The constitutional chamber reviews the constitutionality of legislation, executive decrees, and all habeas corpus warrants.

The supreme court is nominated by the legislative assembly.

8 years


The legislative assembly's power is vested in the assembly.

The legislative assembly has 57 members who are elected through a closed-list proportional representation system.

4 years

Regional Trade Blocs

No Regional Trade Blocs

International Organization Participation [2]

Environmental Agreements [3]

Tax Information [2]

Tax Authority:
Ministry of Finance
Tax Name:


  1. ElectionGuide
  2. EY,
  3. CIA World Factbook,
  4. U.S. Bilateral Relations Fact Sheets