Economic Trivia

Estonia produces about 75% of its consumed electricity.

Trade Source: United Nations Comtrade
Note: Top 3 trade partners are calculated by imports + exports.

Top 3 Trade Partners (2017): Finland, Russia, and Sweden
Top 3 Exported Goods (2017): Electrical Machinery, Wood, and Oil & Mineral Fuels

Top Industries Source: CIA World Factbook

Engineering; Electronics; Wood and Wood Products; Textiles

Gross Domestic Product (GDP) [1]

GDP, PPP (current international) $44,063,633,073 (2017)
GDP Growth Rate (annual %) 4.857% (2017)
GDP Per Capita, PPP (current international) $33,448 (2017)
Click on a row to display its 5-year graph on the right.

GDP Country Rank 112/195 (2017)

GDP Composition %

Note: GDP composition percentage may exceed 100. Manufacturing is included in the Industry figures and is also reported separately because it plays a critical role in many economies.

Economic Indicators [1]

Inflation, consumer prices (annual %) 3.417% (2017)
External debt stocks, total (DOD, current US$) Data unavailable
Total tax rate (% of commercial profits) 48.7% (2018)
Real Interest Rate (5 year average %) 2.5% (2016)
Manufacturing, value added (% of GDP) 13.573% (2017)
Current Account Balance (BoP, current US$) $860,832,414 (2017)
Click on a row to display its 5-year graph on the right.

Labor and Employment [1]

Labor Force, Total 694,458 (2018)
Employment in Agriculture (% of total employment) 3.49% (2018)
Employment in Industry (% of total employment) 29.801% (2018)
Employment in Services (% of total employment) 66.709% (2018)
Unemployment Rate 5.508% (2018)
Click on a row to display its 5-year graph on the right.

Trade [1]

Imports of goods and services (current US$) $19,157,563,675 (2017)
Exports of goods and services (current US$) $20,369,648,221 (2017)
Total Merchandise Trade (% of GDP) 117.139% (2017)
FDI, net inflows (BoP, current US$) $1,555,186,132 (2017)
Commercial Service Exports (current US$) $6,811,169,211 (2017)
Click on a row to display its 5-year graph on the right.

Economic Snapshot [1]

Note: Percentile ranks are calculated using the latest available data for all countries within the last 5 years.

How to interpret the graph: The purpose of this graph is to take a snapshot of a country’s economy in comparison to other economies. For example, Estonia’s Exports rank is higher than (please wait...) of the countries in the dataset. For Exports, FDI and GDP measures, a higher rank (closer to 100%) indicates a stronger economy. Conversely, for Unemployment and Inflation, a lower rank (closer to 0%) indicates a stronger economy.

Due to unavailable data the following indicators have been omitted:
  • Exports
  • FDI, net inflows
  • GDP Growth Rate
  • GDP Per Capita
  • Inflation
  • Unemployment


  1. The World Bank