Economic Trivia

Estonia produces about 75% of its consumed electricity.

Trade Source: United Nations Comtrade
Note: Top 3 trade partners are calculated by imports + exports.

Top 3 Trade Partners (2018): Finland, Russia, and Germany
Top 3 Exported Goods (2018): Electrical Machinery, Oil & Mineral Fuels, and Wood

Top Industries Source: CIA World Factbook

Engineering; Electronics; Wood and Wood Products; Textiles

Gross Domestic Product (GDP) [1]

GDP, PPP (current international) $48,064,476,468 (2018)
GDP Growth Rate (annual %) 4.761% (2018)
GDP Per Capita, PPP (current international) $36,358 (2018)
Click on a row to display its 5-year graph on the right.

GDP Country Rank 114/196 (2018)

GDP Composition %

Note: GDP composition percentage may exceed 100. Manufacturing is included in the Industry figures and is also reported separately because it plays a critical role in many economies.

Economic Indicators [1]

Inflation, consumer prices (annual %) 2.277% (2019)
External debt stocks, total (DOD, current US$) Data unavailable
Total tax rate (% of commercial profits) 47.8% (2019)
Real Interest Rate (5 year average %) 2.5% (2016)
Manufacturing, value added (% of GDP) 13.225% (2018)
Current Account Balance (BoP, current US$) $612,392,506 (2018)
Click on a row to display its 5-year graph on the right.

Labor and Employment [1]

Labor Force, Total 701,702 (2019)
Employment in Agriculture (% of total employment) 3.184% (2019)
Employment in Industry (% of total employment) 29.536% (2019)
Employment in Services (% of total employment) 67.28% (2019)
Unemployment Rate 5.115% (2019)
Click on a row to display its 5-year graph on the right.

Trade [1]

Imports of goods and services (current US$) $21,741,084,876 (2018)
Exports of goods and services (current US$) $22,820,678,849 (2018)
Total Merchandise Trade (% of GDP) 117.701% (2018)
FDI, net inflows (BoP, current US$) $2,897,709,701 (2019)
Commercial Service Exports (current US$) $7,748,910,643 (2018)
Click on a row to display its 5-year graph on the right.

Economic Snapshot [1]

Note: Percentile ranks are calculated using the latest available data for all countries within the last 5 years.

How to interpret the graph: The purpose of this graph is to take a snapshot of a country’s economy in comparison to other economies. For example, Estonia’s Exports rank is higher than (please wait...) of the countries in the dataset. For Exports, FDI and GDP measures, a higher rank (closer to 100%) indicates a stronger economy. Conversely, for Unemployment and Inflation, a lower rank (closer to 0%) indicates a stronger economy.

Due to unavailable data the following indicators have been omitted:
  • Exports
  • FDI, net inflows
  • GDP Growth Rate
  • GDP Per Capita
  • Inflation
  • Unemployment


  1. The World Bank