- Chief of State:
- President Kersti Kaljulaid
- Head of Government:
- Prime Minister Jüri Ratas
- Government Name:
- Republic of Estonia
- Adopted: 1992; Incorporates elements from previous constitutions (1920 & 1938). Fundamental rights, freedoms, and duties; the people; the Riigikogu (legislative power); president and government of the republic; legislation; finance and the state budget; foreign relations and international treaties; national defense; the state audit office; the chancellor of justice; the courts; and local government are topics detailed in the document.
- Government Type:
- Parliamentary Republic
Index of Economic Freedom
Country Risk Rating
|Main Powers||Election Process||Election Cycle 1|
The executive branch carries out the country’s domestic and foreign policy. Shaped by parliament, it directs and coordinates the work of government institutions and bears full responsibility for everything occurring within the authority of executive power.
The president is elected by parliament. The prime minister is nominated by president and approved by parliament.
The judicial branch includes the review of court decisions which have entered into force (a new hearing of a court decision which has entered into force is conducted on the basis of a petition by a participant in the proceedings after new facts relevant to the adjudication of the case become evident) and the correction of court errors in court decisions which have entered into force.
The chief justice is proposed by the president and appointed by the Riigikogu, other justices are proposed by the chief justice and appointed by the Riigikogu.
The legislature ratifies significant foreign agreements that impose military and proprietary obligations, brings about changes in law, approves the budget presented by the government as law, and monitors the executive power.
The parliament has 101 members elected through an open-list proportional representation.
Regional Trade Blocs
International Organization Participation 
Environmental Agreements 
Tax Information 
- Tax Authority:
- Ministry of Finance & Estonian Tax and Customs Board
- Tax Name:
- ElectionGuide http://www.electionguide.org/
- EY, http://www.ey.com
- CIA World Factbook, https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/
- U.S. Bilateral Relations Fact Sheets http://www.state.gov/r/pa/ei/bgn/