People [1]

People

Population 1,320,884 (2018)
Population Growth Rate 0.265 annual % (2018)
Age Dependency Ratio 56.209 % of working-age population (2018)
Urban Population 68.88 % of total (2018)
Infant Mortality Rate 2.1 per 1,000 live births (2018)
Life Expectancy at Birth 77.641 years (2017)

Age Distribution - % of Total Population (2018)

Energy [2]

Electricity

Ranking
Production 12.255 billion kWh (2017) #95
Consumption 8.742 billion kWh (2017) #101
Exports 5.015 billion kWh (2017) #39
Imports 2.281 billion kWh (2017) #54
Renewable Electricity Generation 1.938 billion kWh (2017) #97

Oil

Ranking
Production 22 thousand bbl/day (2018) #76
Consumption 31.529 thousand bbl/day (2018) #117
Exports (Refined) [3] 15.19 thousand bbl/day (2013) #58
Imports (Refined) [3] 0 thousand bbl/day (2013) #85
Proved Reserves (Crude) 0 billion bbl (2019) #98

Natural Gas

Ranking
Production (Gross) 0 billion cu ft (2015) #97
Consumption (Dry) 17.41 billion cu ft (2017) #97
Exports (Dry) 0 billion cu ft (2017) #56
Imports (Dry) 17.41 billion cu ft (2017) #66
Proved Reserves 0 trillion cu ft (2019) #99

Other [3]

Technology

Airports 18 (2013)
Cellular Telephones 1,897,921 (2016 est.)
Highways 58,412 km (2011)
Internet Users 1,097,921 (2016 est.)
Railways 2,146 km (2016)
Note: includes 1,510 km public and 636 km non-public railway
Telephones 370,589 (2016 est.)

Geography & Environment

LocationEastern Europe, bordering the Baltic Sea and Gulf of Finland, between Latvia and Russia
Total Area45,228 sq. km
Land Area42,388 sq. km
Water Area2,840 sq. km
Coastline3,794 km
Climatemaritime; wet, moderate winters, cool summers
Terrainmarshy, lowlands; flat in the north, hilly in the south
Lowest PointBaltic Sea 0 m
Highest Point Suur Munamagi 318 m

Sources

  1. The World Bank Date Accessed: 9/6/2019
  2. U.S. Energy Information Administration
  3. CIA World Factbook Date Accessed: 12/5/2017