People [1]

People

Population 1,380,004,385 (2020)
Population Growth Rate 0.989 annual % (2020)
Age Dependency Ratio 48.665 % of working-age population (2020)
Urban Population 34.926 % of total (2020)
Infant Mortality Rate 28.3 per 1,000 live births (2019)
Life Expectancy at Birth 69.656 years (2019)

Age Distribution - % of Total Population (2020)

Energy [2]

Electricity

Ranking
Production 1,579.903 billion kWh (2019) #3
Consumption 1,277.167 billion kWh (2018) #3
Exports 8.494 billion kWh (2018) #23
Imports 4.657 billion kWh (2018) #40
Renewable Electricity Generation 322.589 billion kWh (2019) #5

Oil

Ranking
Production 1,003.029 thousand bbl/day (2021) #19
Consumption 4,765.462 thousand bbl/day (2018) #3
Exports (Refined) [3] 0 thousand bbl/day (2013) #87
Imports (Refined) [3] 3,785 thousand bbl/day (2013) #3
Proved Reserves (Crude) 4.605 billion bbl (2021) #24

Natural Gas

Ranking
Production (Gross) 1,133.364 billion cu ft (2015) #29
Consumption (Dry) 2,177.04 billion cu ft (2020) #13
Exports (Dry) 3.246 billion cu ft (2019) #48
Imports (Dry) 1,197.592 billion cu ft (2020) #12
Proved Reserves 48.756 trillion cu ft (2021) #24

Other [3]

Technology

Airports 346 (2013)
Cellular Telephones 1,176,021,869 (2018 est.)
Highways 4,699,024 km (2015)
Internet Users 374,328,160 (2016 est.)
Railways 68,525 km (2014)
Telephones 21,868,192 (2018 est.)

Geography & Environment

LocationSouthern Asia, bordering the Arabian Sea and the Bay of Bengal, between Burma and Pakistan
Total Area3,287,263 sq. km
Land Area2,973,193 sq. km
Water Area314,070 sq. km
Coastline7,000 km
Climatevaries from tropical monsoon in south to temperate in north
Terrainupland plain (Deccan Plateau) in south, flat to rolling plain along the Ganges, deserts in west, Himalayas in north
Lowest PointIndian Ocean 0 m
Highest Point Kanchenjunga 8,586 m

Sources

  1. The World Bank Date Accessed: 10/3/2021
  2. U.S. Energy Information Administration
  3. CIA World Factbook Date Accessed: 5/9/2020