People [1]

People

Population 1,339,180,127 (2017)
Population Growth Rate 1.127 annual % (2017)
Age Dependency Ratio 50.993 % of working-age population (2017)
Urban Population 33.6 % of total (2017)
Infant Mortality Rate 32 per 1,000 live births (2017)
Life Expectancy at Birth 68.56 years (2016)

Age Distribution - % of Total Population (2017)

Energy [2]

Electricity

Ranking
Production 1,295 billion kWh (2015) #3
Consumption 1,054 billion kWh (2015) #3
Exports 5.2 billion kWh (2015) #33
Imports 5.2 billion kWh (2015) #40
Renewable Electricity Generation 195 billion kWh (2015) #5

Oil

Ranking
Production 1,003 thousand bbl/day (2017) #20
Consumption 4,142 thousand bbl/day (2015) #3
Exports (Refined) [3] 0 thousand bbl/day (2013) #87
Imports (Refined) [3] 3,785 thousand bbl/day (2013) #3
Proved Reserves (Crude) 4.5 billion bbl (2018) #23

Natural Gas

Ranking
Production (Gross) 1,133 billion cu ft (2015) #22
Consumption (Dry) 1,753 billion cu ft (2015) #14
Exports (Dry) 9.5 billion cu ft (2015) #41
Imports (Dry) 659 billion cu ft (2015) #18
Proved Reserves 46 trillion cu ft (2018) #23

Other [3]

Technology

Airports 346 (2013)
Cellular Telephones 1,127,809,000 (2016 est.)
Highways 4,699,024 km (2015)
Note: includes 96,214 km of national highways and expressways, 147,800 km of state highways, and 4,455,010 km of other roads
Internet Users 374,328,160 (2016 est.)
Railways 68,525 km (2014)
Telephones 24,404,000 (2016 est.)

Geography & Environment

LocationSouthern Asia, bordering the Arabian Sea and the Bay of Bengal, between Burma and Pakistan
Total Area3,287,263 sq. km
Land Area2,973,193 sq. km
Water Area314,070 sq. km
Coastline7,000 km
Climatevaries from tropical monsoon in south to temperate in north
Terrainupland plain (Deccan Plateau) in south, flat to rolling plain along the Ganges, deserts in west, Himalayas in north
Lowest PointIndian Ocean 0 m
Highest Point Kanchenjunga 8,598 m

Sources

  1. The World Bank Date Accessed: 7/6/2018
  2. U.S. Energy Information Administration
  3. CIA World Factbook Date Accessed: 12/5/2017