People [1]

People

Population 59,066,225 (2021)
Population Growth Rate -0.647 annual % (2021)
Age Dependency Ratio 57.217 % of working-age population (2021)
Urban Population 71.346 % of total (2021)
Infant Mortality Rate 2.5 per 1,000 live births (2020)
Life Expectancy at Birth 82.344 years (2020)

Age Distribution - % of Total Population (2021)

Energy [2]

Electricity

Ranking
Production 273.83 billion kWh (2021) #17
Consumption 298.29 billion kWh (2021) #12
Exports 3.77 billion kWh (2021) #41
Imports 46.56 billion kWh (2021) #3
Renewable Electricity Generation 114.85 billion kWh (2021) #14

Oil

Ranking
Production 140.05 thousand bbl/day (2021) #41
Consumption 1,184.69 thousand bbl/day (2021) #19
Exports (Refined) [3] 24.64 thousand bbl/day (2013) #53
Imports (Refined) [3] 1,395 thousand bbl/day (2013) #8
Proved Reserves (Crude) 0.498 billion bbl (2021) #47

Natural Gas

Ranking
Production (Gross) 239.118 billion cu ft (2015) #51
Consumption (Dry) 2,697.04 billion cu ft (2021) #10
Exports (Dry) 54.31 billion cu ft (2021) #40
Imports (Dry) 2,577.31 billion cu ft (2021) #5
Proved Reserves 1.616 trillion cu ft (2021) #63

Other [3]

Technology

Airports 129 (2013)
Cellular Telephones 83,342,486 (2018 est.)
Highways 487,700 km (2007)
Internet Users 38,025,661 (2016 est.)
Railways 20,182 km (2014)
Telephones 20,396,603 (2018 est.)

Geography & Environment

LocationSouthern Europe, a peninsula extending into the central Mediterranean Sea, northeast of Tunisia
Total Area301,340 sq. km
Land Area294,140 sq. km
Water Area7,200 sq. km
Coastline7,600 km
Climatepredominantly Mediterranean; Alpine in far north; hot, dry in south
Terrainmostly rugged and mountainous; some plains, coastal lowlands
Lowest PointMediterranean Sea 0 m
Highest Point Mont Blanc (Monte Bianco) de Courmayeur 4,748 m (a secondary peak of Mont Blanc)

Sources

  1. The World Bank Date Accessed: 11/6/2022
  2. U.S. Energy Information Administration
  3. CIA World Factbook Date Accessed: 5/9/2020