People [1]

People

Population 59,554,023 (2020)
Population Growth Rate -0.294 annual % (2020)
Age Dependency Ratio 56.959 % of working-age population (2020)
Urban Population 71.039 % of total (2020)
Infant Mortality Rate 2.7 per 1,000 live births (2019)
Life Expectancy at Birth 83.198 years (2019)

Age Distribution - % of Total Population (2020)

Energy [2]

Electricity

Ranking
Production 278.103 billion kWh (2019) #17
Consumption 297.15 billion kWh (2019) #13
Exports 5.817 billion kWh (2019) #31
Imports 43.98 billion kWh (2019) #2
Renewable Electricity Generation 117.278 billion kWh (2020) #13

Oil

Ranking
Production 154.081 thousand bbl/day (2020) #41
Consumption 1,050.12 thousand bbl/day (2020) #19
Exports (Refined) [3] 24.64 thousand bbl/day (2013) #53
Imports (Refined) [3] 1,395 thousand bbl/day (2013) #8
Proved Reserves (Crude) 0.498 billion bbl (2021) #47

Natural Gas

Ranking
Production (Gross) 239.118 billion cu ft (2015) #51
Consumption (Dry) 2,624.347 billion cu ft (2019) #11
Exports (Dry) 11.112 billion cu ft (2020) #46
Imports (Dry) 2,504.097 billion cu ft (2019) #5
Proved Reserves 1.616 trillion cu ft (2021) #63

Other [3]

Technology

Airports 129 (2013)
Cellular Telephones 83,342,486 (2018 est.)
Highways 487,700 km (2007)
Internet Users 38,025,661 (2016 est.)
Railways 20,182 km (2014)
Telephones 20,396,603 (2018 est.)

Geography & Environment

LocationSouthern Europe, a peninsula extending into the central Mediterranean Sea, northeast of Tunisia
Total Area301,340 sq. km
Land Area294,140 sq. km
Water Area7,200 sq. km
Coastline7,600 km
Climatepredominantly Mediterranean; Alpine in far north; hot, dry in south
Terrainmostly rugged and mountainous; some plains, coastal lowlands
Lowest PointMediterranean Sea 0 m
Highest Point Mont Blanc (Monte Bianco) de Courmayeur 4,748 m (a secondary peak of Mont Blanc)

Sources

  1. The World Bank Date Accessed: 10/3/2021
  2. U.S. Energy Information Administration
  3. CIA World Factbook Date Accessed: 5/9/2020