Economic Trivia

Mali produces the third highest amount of gold in Africa, making it the country's main export product.

Trade Source: United Nations Comtrade
Note: Top 3 trade partners are calculated by imports + exports.

Top 3 Trade Partners (2017): Senegal, South Africa, and China
Top 3 Exported Goods (2017): Precious Stones & Metals, Live Animals, and Cotton

Top Industries Source: CIA World Factbook

Food Processing; Construction; Phosphate and Gold Mining

Gross Domestic Product (GDP) [1]

GDP, PPP (current international) $47,356,727,657 (2020)
GDP Growth Rate (annual %) -1.649% (2020)
GDP Per Capita, PPP (current international) $2,339 (2020)
Click on a row to display its 5-year graph on the right.

GDP Country Rank 114/197 (2020)

GDP Composition %

Note: GDP composition percentage may exceed 100. Manufacturing is included in the Industry figures and is also reported separately because it plays a critical role in many economies.

Economic Indicators [1]

Inflation, consumer prices (annual %) 0.438% (2020)
External debt stocks, total (DOD, current US$) $5,192,187,895 (2019)
Total tax rate (% of commercial profits) 54.5% (2019)
Real Interest Rate (5 year average %) 3.145% (2017)
Manufacturing, value added (% of GDP) 6.814% (2020)
Current Account Balance (BoP, current US$) ($835,846,584) (2018)
Click on a row to display its 5-year graph on the right.

Labor and Employment [1]

Labor Force, Total 7,384,320 (2020)
Employment in Agriculture (% of total employment) 62.26% (2020)
Employment in Industry (% of total employment) 7.567% (2020)
Employment in Services (% of total employment) 30.173% (2020)
Unemployment Rate 7.5% (2020)
Click on a row to display its 5-year graph on the right.

Trade [1]

Imports of goods and services (current US$) $5,811,968,255 (2020)
Exports of goods and services (current US$) $4,586,643,607 (2020)
Total Merchandise Trade (% of GDP) 53.778% (2020)
FDI, net inflows (BoP, current US$) $493,823,354 (2019)
Commercial Service Exports (current US$) $486,432,386 (2018)
Click on a row to display its 5-year graph on the right.

Economic Snapshot [1]

Note: Percentile ranks are calculated using the latest available data for all countries within the last 5 years.

How to interpret the graph: The purpose of this graph is to take a snapshot of a country’s economy in comparison to other economies. For example, Mali’s Exports rank is higher than (please wait...) of the countries in the dataset. For Exports, FDI and GDP measures, a higher rank (closer to 100%) indicates a stronger economy. Conversely, for Unemployment and Inflation, a lower rank (closer to 0%) indicates a stronger economy.

Due to unavailable data the following indicators have been omitted:
  • Exports
  • FDI, net inflows
  • GDP Growth Rate
  • GDP Per Capita
  • Inflation
  • Unemployment


  1. The World Bank