Economic Trivia

Mali produces the third highest amount of gold in Africa, making it the country's main export product.

Trade Source: United Nations Comtrade
Note: Top 3 trade partners are calculated by imports + exports.

Top 3 Trade Partners (2017): Senegal, South Africa, and China
Top 3 Exported Goods (2017): Precious Stones & Metals, Live Animals, and Cotton

Top Industries Source: CIA World Factbook

Food Processing; Construction; Phosphate and Gold Mining

Gross Domestic Product (GDP) [1]

GDP, PPP (current international) $44,118,488,193 (2018)
GDP Growth Rate (annual %) 4.9% (2018)
GDP Per Capita, PPP (current international) $2,313 (2018)
Click on a row to display its 5-year graph on the right.

GDP Country Rank 114/196 (2018)

GDP Composition %

Note: GDP composition percentage may exceed 100. Manufacturing is included in the Industry figures and is also reported separately because it plays a critical role in many economies.

Economic Indicators [1]

Inflation, consumer prices (annual %) 1.76% (2017)
External debt stocks, total (DOD, current US$) $4,896,227,846 (2018)
Total tax rate (% of commercial profits) 48.3% (2018)
Real Interest Rate (5 year average %) 3.115% (2017)
Manufacturing, value added (% of GDP) 3.107% (2007)
Current Account Balance (BoP, current US$) ($1,209,922,735) (2017)
Click on a row to display its 5-year graph on the right.

Labor and Employment [1]

Labor Force, Total 7,104,719 (2018)
Employment in Agriculture (% of total employment) 65.302% (2018)
Employment in Industry (% of total employment) 6.511% (2018)
Employment in Services (% of total employment) 28.187% (2018)
Unemployment Rate 9.569% (2018)
Click on a row to display its 5-year graph on the right.

Trade [1]

Imports of goods and services (current US$) $6,715,998,352 (2018)
Exports of goods and services (current US$) $3,845,657,042 (2018)
Total Merchandise Trade (% of GDP) 45.724% (2018)
FDI, net inflows (BoP, current US$) $365,917,191 (2018)
Commercial Service Exports (current US$) $441,311,673 (2017)
Click on a row to display its 5-year graph on the right.

Economic Snapshot [1]

Note: Percentile ranks are calculated using the latest available data for all countries within the last 5 years.

How to interpret the graph: The purpose of this graph is to take a snapshot of a country’s economy in comparison to other economies. For example, Mali’s Exports rank is higher than (please wait...) of the countries in the dataset. For Exports, FDI and GDP measures, a higher rank (closer to 100%) indicates a stronger economy. Conversely, for Unemployment and Inflation, a lower rank (closer to 0%) indicates a stronger economy.

Due to unavailable data the following indicators have been omitted:
  • Exports
  • FDI, net inflows
  • GDP Growth Rate
  • GDP Per Capita
  • Inflation
  • Unemployment


  1. The World Bank