Economic Trivia

Mali produces the third highest amount of gold in Africa, making it the country's main export product.

Trade Source: United Nations Comtrade
Note: Top 3 trade partners are calculated by imports + exports.

Top 3 Trade Partners (2019): South Africa, Switzerland, and Senegal
Top 3 Exported Goods (2017): Precious Stones & Metals, Live Animals, and Cotton

Top Industries Source: CIA World Factbook

Food Processing; Construction; Phosphate and Gold Mining

Gross Domestic Product (GDP) [1]

GDP, PPP (current international) $56,871,393,229 (2022)
GDP Growth Rate (annual %) 3.687% (2022)
GDP Per Capita, PPP (current international) $2,517 (2022)
Click on a row to display its 5-year graph on the right.

GDP Country Rank 114/197 (2022)

GDP Composition %

Note: GDP composition percentage may exceed 100. Manufacturing is included in the Industry figures and is also reported separately because it plays a critical role in many economies.

Economic Indicators [1]

Inflation, consumer prices (annual %) 3.926% (2021)
External debt stocks, total (DOD, current US$) $6,459,809,080 (2021)
Total tax rate (% of commercial profits) 54.5% (2019)
Real Interest Rate (5 year average %) 3.145% (2017)
Manufacturing, value added (% of GDP) 6.442% (2022)
Current Account Balance (BoP, current US$) ($1,468,520,925) (2021)
Click on a row to display its 5-year graph on the right.

Labor and Employment [1]

Labor Force, Total 8,054,389 (2022)
Employment in Agriculture (% of total employment) 67.733% (2021)
Employment in Industry (% of total employment) 9.981% (2021)
Employment in Services (% of total employment) 22.286% (2021)
Unemployment Rate 2.762% (2022)
Click on a row to display its 5-year graph on the right.

Trade [1]

Imports of goods and services (current US$) $7,486,757,556 (2022)
Exports of goods and services (current US$) $5,471,654,476 (2022)
Total Merchandise Trade (% of GDP) 67.286% (2022)
FDI, net inflows (BoP, current US$) $252,912,731 (2022)
Commercial Service Exports (current US$) $416,235,369 (2021)
Click on a row to display its 5-year graph on the right.

Economic Snapshot [1]

Note: Percentile ranks are calculated using the latest available data for all countries within the last 5 years.

How to interpret the graph: The purpose of this graph is to take a snapshot of a country’s economy in comparison to other economies. For example, Mali’s Exports rank is higher than (please wait...) of the countries in the dataset. For Exports, FDI and GDP measures, a higher rank (closer to 100%) indicates a stronger economy. Conversely, for Unemployment and Inflation, a lower rank (closer to 0%) indicates a stronger economy.

Due to unavailable data the following indicators have been omitted:
  • Exports
  • FDI, net inflows
  • GDP Growth Rate
  • GDP Per Capita
  • Inflation
  • Unemployment


  1. The World Bank