Key Figures

Chief of State:
President Ameenah Gurib-Fakim
Head of Government:
Prime Minister Pravind Jugnauth

Overview

Government Name:
Republic of Mauritius
Constitution:
Adopted: 1968; Defines Mauritius as a sovereign democratic State and guarantees fundamental rights to its citizens. It clearly establishes the separation of powers between the legislative, executive, and judicial branches.
Government Type:
Parliamentary Democracy
Republic of Mauritius Flag
Coat of Arms of Republic of Mauritius

Index of Economic Freedom

Grades each country on a scale of 0 to 100, based on ten freedoms, with 100 representing the greatest amount of economic autonomy from government intervention. Source: Heritage Foundation (2018)

Country Risk Rating

A4
A somewhat shaky political and economic outlook and a relatively volatile business environment can affect corporate payment behavior. Corporate default probability is still acceptable on average. Source: Coface (2018)

Government Branches

Main Powers Election Process Election Cycle 1
Executive

The president serves as head of state, commander-in-chief and acts as a ceremonial figurehead. The prime minister presides over the cabinet of ministers.

President is elected by National Assembly and prime minister is appointed by the president.

5 years

Judicial

Highest court of jurisdiction.

Chief Justice is appointed by the president acting after consultation with the prime minister, the Senior Puisne Judge by the President acting in accordance with the advice of Chief Justice and the Puisne Judges by the president with advice of the Judicial and Legal service commission.

Mandatory retirement age of 62

Legislative

Creates legislature, controls finances of the state, and checks the actions of the government and the ministries.

62 members are elected by plurality vote in multi-member constituencies and 8 members are appointed by the election commission.

5 years

Regional Trade Blocs

International Organization Participation [2]

Environmental Agreements [3]

Tax Information [2]

Tax Authority:
Mauritis Revenue Authority
Tax Name:
VAT

Sources:

  1. ElectionGuide http://www.electionguide.org/
  2. EY, http://www.ey.com
  3. CIA World Factbook, https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/
  4. U.S. Bilateral Relations Fact Sheets http://www.state.gov/r/pa/ei/bgn/