Economic Trivia

A highly mechanized agricultural sector employs only 2% of the labor force but provides large surpluses for the food-processing industry and for exports.

Trade Source: United Nations Comtrade
Note: Top 3 trade partners are calculated by imports + exports.

Top 3 Trade Partners (2017): Germany, Belgium, and United Kingdom
Top 3 Exported Goods (2017): Industrial Machinery, Oil & Mineral Fuels, and Electrical Machinery

Top Industries Source: CIA World Factbook

Agroindustries; Metal and Engineering Products; Electrical Machinery and Equipment; Chemicals

Gross Domestic Product (GDP) [1]

GDP, PPP (current international) $932,319,528,229 (2017)
GDP Growth Rate (annual %) 2.869% (2017)
GDP Per Capita, PPP (current international) $54,422 (2017)
Click on a row to display its 5-year graph on the right.

GDP Country Rank 26/195 (2017)

GDP Composition %

Note: GDP composition percentage may exceed 100. Manufacturing is included in the Industry figures and is also reported separately because it plays a critical role in many economies.

Economic Indicators [1]

Inflation, consumer prices (annual %) 1.381% (2017)
External debt stocks, total (DOD, current US$) Data unavailable
Total tax rate (% of commercial profits) 40.8% (2018)
Real Interest Rate (5 year average %) 0.217% (2013)
Manufacturing, value added (% of GDP) 10.898% (2017)
Current Account Balance (BoP, current US$) $87,290,747,602 (2017)
Click on a row to display its 5-year graph on the right.

Labor and Employment [1]

Labor Force, Total 9,120,786 (2018)
Employment in Agriculture (% of total employment) 2.246% (2018)
Employment in Industry (% of total employment) 16.318% (2018)
Employment in Services (% of total employment) 81.436% (2018)
Unemployment Rate 3.88% (2018)
Click on a row to display its 5-year graph on the right.

Trade [1]

Imports of goods and services (current US$) $599,847,359,645 (2017)
Exports of goods and services (current US$) $688,993,437,963 (2017)
Total Merchandise Trade (% of GDP) 147.695% (2017)
FDI, net inflows (BoP, current US$) $316,541,431,116 (2017)
Commercial Service Exports (current US$) $169,200,524,835 (2017)
Click on a row to display its 5-year graph on the right.

Economic Snapshot [1]

Note: Percentile ranks are calculated using the latest available data for all countries within the last 5 years.

How to interpret the graph: The purpose of this graph is to take a snapshot of a country’s economy in comparison to other economies. For example, Netherlands’s Exports rank is higher than (please wait...) of the countries in the dataset. For Exports, FDI and GDP measures, a higher rank (closer to 100%) indicates a stronger economy. Conversely, for Unemployment and Inflation, a lower rank (closer to 0%) indicates a stronger economy.

Due to unavailable data the following indicators have been omitted:
  • Exports
  • FDI, net inflows
  • GDP Growth Rate
  • GDP Per Capita
  • Inflation
  • Unemployment


  1. The World Bank