People [1]

People

Population 17,533,405 (2021)
Population Growth Rate 0.526 annual % (2021)
Age Dependency Ratio 56.24 % of working-age population (2021)
Urban Population 92.572 % of total (2021)
Infant Mortality Rate 3.6 per 1,000 live births (2020)
Life Expectancy at Birth 81.41 years (2020)

Age Distribution - % of Total Population (2021)

Energy [2]

Electricity

Ranking
Production 120.44 billion kWh (2021) #32
Consumption 116.28 billion kWh (2021) #32
Exports 20.63 billion kWh (2021) #12
Imports 20.89 billion kWh (2021) #11
Renewable Electricity Generation 41.92 billion kWh (2021) #26

Oil

Ranking
Production 91.86 thousand bbl/day (2021) #50
Consumption 849.63 thousand bbl/day (2021) #25
Exports (Refined) [3] 13.53 thousand bbl/day (2013) #62
Imports (Refined) [3] 1,255 thousand bbl/day (2013) #10
Proved Reserves (Crude) 0.138 billion bbl (2021) #66

Natural Gas

Ranking
Production (Gross) 1,909.129 billion cu ft (2015) #18
Consumption (Dry) 1,486.8 billion cu ft (2021) #22
Exports (Dry) 1,358.44 billion cu ft (2021) #9
Imports (Dry) 1,915.09 billion cu ft (2021) #9
Proved Reserves 4.683 trillion cu ft (2021) #48

Other [3]

Technology

Airports 29 (2013)
Cellular Telephones 21,108,000 (2018 est.)
Highways 139,124 km (2016)
Internet Users 15,385,203 (2016 est.)
Railways 3,058 km (2016)
Telephones 5,900,000 (2018 est.)

Geography & Environment

LocationWestern Europe, bordering the North Sea, between Belgium and Germany
Total Area41,543 sq. km
Land Area33,893 sq. km
Water Area7,650 sq. km
Coastline451 km
Climatetemperate; marine; cool summers and mild winters
Terrainmostly coastal lowland and reclaimed land (polders); some hills in southeast
Lowest PointZuidplaspolder -7 m
Highest Point Vaalserberg 322 m

Sources

  1. The World Bank Date Accessed: 11/6/2022
  2. U.S. Energy Information Administration
  3. CIA World Factbook Date Accessed: 5/9/2020