People [1]

People

Population 17,231,624 (2018)
Population Growth Rate 0.584 annual % (2018)
Age Dependency Ratio 54.57 % of working-age population (2018)
Urban Population 91.49 % of total (2018)
Infant Mortality Rate 3.3 per 1,000 live births (2018)
Life Expectancy at Birth 81.761 years (2018)

Age Distribution - % of Total Population (2018)

Energy [2]

Electricity

Ranking
Production 111.443 billion kWh (2017) #33
Consumption 109.535 billion kWh (2017) #32
Exports 18.952 billion kWh (2017) #12
Imports 22.458 billion kWh (2017) #9
Renewable Electricity Generation 19.243 billion kWh (2017) #40

Oil

Ranking
Production 53.012 thousand bbl/day (2018) #61
Consumption 889.463 thousand bbl/day (2018) #24
Exports (Refined) [3] 13.53 thousand bbl/day (2013) #62
Imports (Refined) [3] 1,255 thousand bbl/day (2013) #10
Proved Reserves (Crude) 0.074 billion bbl (2019) #72

Natural Gas

Ranking
Production (Gross) 1,909.129 billion cu ft (2015) #18
Consumption (Dry) 1,531.964 billion cu ft (2017) #21
Exports (Dry) 1,809.858 billion cu ft (2017) #8
Imports (Dry) 1,800.955 billion cu ft (2017) #7
Proved Reserves 24.533 trillion cu ft (2019) #28

Other [3]

Technology

Airports 29 (2013)
Cellular Telephones 21,108,000 (2018 est.)
Highways 139,124 km (2016)
Internet Users 15,385,203 (2016 est.)
Railways 3,058 km (2016)
Telephones 5,900,000 (2018 est.)

Geography & Environment

LocationWestern Europe, bordering the North Sea, between Belgium and Germany
Total Area41,543 sq. km
Land Area33,893 sq. km
Water Area7,650 sq. km
Coastline451 km
Climatetemperate; marine; cool summers and mild winters
Terrainmostly coastal lowland and reclaimed land (polders); some hills in southeast
Lowest PointZuidplaspolder -7 m
Highest Point Vaalserberg 322 m

Sources

  1. The World Bank Date Accessed: 9/6/2019
  2. U.S. Energy Information Administration
  3. CIA World Factbook Date Accessed: 5/9/2020