People [1]

People

Population 17,132,854 (2017)
Population Growth Rate 0.6 annual % (2017)
Age Dependency Ratio 54.302 % of working-age population (2017)
Urban Population 91.077 % of total (2017)
Infant Mortality Rate 3.3 per 1,000 live births (2017)
Life Expectancy at Birth 81.51 years (2016)

Age Distribution - % of Total Population (2017)

Energy [2]

Electricity

Ranking
Production 109 billion kWh (2016) #33
Consumption 109 billion kWh (2016) #32
Exports 19 billion kWh (2016) #10
Imports 24 billion kWh (2016) #7
Renewable Electricity Generation 17 billion kWh (2016) #40

Oil

Ranking
Production 81 thousand bbl/day (2017) #52
Consumption 955 thousand bbl/day (2017) #23
Exports (Refined) [3] 13.53 thousand bbl/day (2013) #62
Imports (Refined) [3] 1,255 thousand bbl/day (2013) #10
Proved Reserves (Crude) 0.1 billion bbl (2017) #62

Natural Gas

Ranking
Production (Gross) 1,909 billion cu ft (2015) #18
Consumption (Dry) 1,532 billion cu ft (2017) #21
Exports (Dry) 1,810 billion cu ft (2017) #8
Imports (Dry) 1,801 billion cu ft (2017) #7
Proved Reserves 28 trillion cu ft (2018) #27

Other [3]

Technology

Airports 29 (2013)
Cellular Telephones 21,941,981 (2016 est.)
Highways 139,124 km (2016)
Internet Users 15,385,203 (2016 est.)
Railways 3,058 km (2016)
Telephones 6,801,678 (2016 est.)

Geography & Environment

LocationWestern Europe, bordering the North Sea, between Belgium and Germany
Total Area41,543 sq. km
Land Area33,893 sq. km
Water Area7,650 sq. km
Coastline451 km
Climatetemperate; marine; cool summers and mild winters
Terrainmostly coastal lowland and reclaimed land (polders); some hills in southeast
Lowest PointZuidplaspolder -7 m
Highest Point Vaalserberg 322 m

Sources

  1. The World Bank Date Accessed: 7/6/2018
  2. U.S. Energy Information Administration
  3. CIA World Factbook Date Accessed: 12/5/2017