Economic Trivia

Panama has prosperous transportation and logistics service sectors that contribute to its economy's high growth.

Trade Source: United Nations Comtrade
Note: Top 3 trade partners are calculated by imports + exports.

Top 3 Trade Partners (2016): United States, China, and Singapore
Top 3 Exported Goods (2016): Organic Chemicals, Pharmaceuticals, and Electrical Machinery

Top Industries Source: CIA World Factbook

Construction; Brewing; Cement and Other Construction Materials; Sugar Milling

Gross Domestic Product (GDP) [1]

GDP, PPP (current international) $138,809,364,463 (2021)
GDP Growth Rate (annual %) 15.336% (2021)
GDP Per Capita, PPP (current international) $31,680 (2021)
Click on a row to display its 5-year graph on the right.

GDP Country Rank 82/197 (2021)

GDP Composition %

Note: GDP composition percentage may exceed 100. Manufacturing is included in the Industry figures and is also reported separately because it plays a critical role in many economies.

Economic Indicators [1]

Inflation, consumer prices (annual %) 1.631% (2021)
External debt stocks, total (DOD, current US$) $108,866,240,275 (2020)
Total tax rate (% of commercial profits) 37.2% (2019)
Real Interest Rate (5 year average %) 4.667% (2021)
Manufacturing, value added (% of GDP) 5.409% (2021)
Current Account Balance (BoP, current US$) ($1,412,287,210) (2021)
Click on a row to display its 5-year graph on the right.

Labor and Employment [1]

Labor Force, Total 1,984,594 (2021)
Employment in Agriculture (% of total employment) 13.709% (2020)
Employment in Industry (% of total employment) 18.797% (2020)
Employment in Services (% of total employment) 67.494% (2020)
Unemployment Rate 12.088% (2021)
Click on a row to display its 5-year graph on the right.

Trade [1]

Imports of goods and services (current US$) $18,605,504,600 (2020)
Exports of goods and services (current US$) $21,379,165,200 (2020)
Total Merchandise Trade (% of GDP) 52.859% (2021)
FDI, net inflows (BoP, current US$) ($2,154,734,384) (2020)
Commercial Service Exports (current US$) $10,678,046,019 (2021)
Click on a row to display its 5-year graph on the right.

Economic Snapshot [1]

Note: Percentile ranks are calculated using the latest available data for all countries within the last 5 years.

How to interpret the graph: The purpose of this graph is to take a snapshot of a country’s economy in comparison to other economies. For example, Panama’s Exports rank is higher than (please wait...) of the countries in the dataset. For Exports, FDI and GDP measures, a higher rank (closer to 100%) indicates a stronger economy. Conversely, for Unemployment and Inflation, a lower rank (closer to 0%) indicates a stronger economy.

Due to unavailable data the following indicators have been omitted:
  • Exports
  • FDI, net inflows
  • GDP Growth Rate
  • GDP Per Capita
  • Inflation
  • Unemployment


  1. The World Bank