People [1]

People

Population 4,381,583 (2021)
Population Growth Rate 1.537 annual % (2021)
Age Dependency Ratio 53.861 % of working-age population (2021)
Urban Population 68.775 % of total (2021)
Infant Mortality Rate 12.3 per 1,000 live births (2020)
Life Expectancy at Birth 78.68 years (2020)

Age Distribution - % of Total Population (2021)

Energy [2]

Electricity

Ranking
Production 10.96 billion kWh (2020) #100
Consumption 10.809 billion kWh (2019) #96
Exports 0.427 billion kWh (2019) #76
Imports 0.077 billion kWh (2019) #107
Renewable Electricity Generation 8.274 billion kWh (2020) #70

Oil

Ranking
Production 0 thousand bbl/day (2021) #119
Consumption 143.66 thousand bbl/day (2019) #67
Exports (Refined) [3] 0 thousand bbl/day (2013) #87
Imports (Refined) [3] 0 thousand bbl/day (2013) #85
Proved Reserves (Crude) 0 billion bbl (2021) #99

Natural Gas

Ranking
Production (Gross) 0 billion cu ft (2015) #97
Consumption (Dry) 10.36 billion cu ft (2021) #103
Exports (Dry) 0 billion cu ft (2021) #58
Imports (Dry) 10.36 billion cu ft (2021) #71
Proved Reserves 0 trillion cu ft (2021) #100

Other [3]

Technology

Airports 117 (2013)
Cellular Telephones 5,722,370 (2018 est.)
Internet Users 2,000,833 (2016 est.)
Railways 77 km (2014)
Telephones 728,379 (2018 est.)

Geography & Environment

LocationCentral America, bordering both the Caribbean Sea and the North Pacific Ocean, between Colombia and Costa Rica
Total Area75,420 sq. km
Land Area74,340 sq. km
Water Area1,080 sq. km
Coastline2,490 km
Climatetropical maritime; hot, humid, cloudy; prolonged rainy season (May to January), short dry season (January to May)
Terraininterior mostly steep, rugged mountains and dissected, upland plains; coastal areas largely plains and rolling hills
Lowest PointPacific Ocean 0 m
Highest Point Volcan Baru 3,475 m

Sources

  1. The World Bank Date Accessed: 11/6/2022
  2. U.S. Energy Information Administration
  3. CIA World Factbook Date Accessed: 5/9/2020