Economic Trivia

Peru's strong economic growth and performance caused its poverty rate to drop by 23% since 2002.

Trade Source: United Nations Comtrade
Note: Top 3 trade partners are calculated by imports + exports.

Top 3 Trade Partners (2021): China, United States, and Brazil
Top 3 Exported Goods (2021): Ores, Precious Stones & Metals, and Fruit & Nuts

Top Industries Source: CIA World Factbook

Mining and Refining of Minerals; Steel; Metal Fabrication; Petroleum Extraction and Refining

Gross Domestic Product (GDP) [1]

GDP, PPP (current international) $512,361,799,464 (2022)
GDP Growth Rate (annual %) 2.684% (2022)
GDP Per Capita, PPP (current international) $15,048 (2022)
Click on a row to display its 5-year graph on the right.

GDP Country Rank 47/197 (2022)

GDP Composition %

Note: GDP composition percentage may exceed 100. Manufacturing is included in the Industry figures and is also reported separately because it plays a critical role in many economies.

Economic Indicators [1]

Inflation, consumer prices (annual %) 8.334% (2022)
External debt stocks, total (DOD, current US$) $87,464,497,529 (2021)
Total tax rate (% of commercial profits) 36.8% (2019)
Real Interest Rate (5 year average %) 7.868% (2022)
Manufacturing, value added (% of GDP) 11.636% (2021)
Current Account Balance (BoP, current US$) ($9,908,197,771) (2022)
Click on a row to display its 5-year graph on the right.

Labor and Employment [1]

Labor Force, Total 18,156,333 (2022)
Employment in Agriculture (% of total employment) 27.858% (2021)
Employment in Industry (% of total employment) 17.025% (2021)
Employment in Services (% of total employment) 55.117% (2021)
Unemployment Rate 3.661% (2022)
Click on a row to display its 5-year graph on the right.

Trade [1]

Imports of goods and services (current US$) $70,593,271,490 (2022)
Exports of goods and services (current US$) $71,134,054,258 (2022)
Total Merchandise Trade (% of GDP) 49.29% (2022)
FDI, net inflows (BoP, current US$) $10,848,486,728 (2022)
Commercial Service Exports (current US$) $4,782,900,377 (2022)
Click on a row to display its 5-year graph on the right.

Economic Snapshot [1]

Note: Percentile ranks are calculated using the latest available data for all countries within the last 5 years.

How to interpret the graph: The purpose of this graph is to take a snapshot of a country’s economy in comparison to other economies. For example, Peru’s Exports rank is higher than (please wait...) of the countries in the dataset. For Exports, FDI and GDP measures, a higher rank (closer to 100%) indicates a stronger economy. Conversely, for Unemployment and Inflation, a lower rank (closer to 0%) indicates a stronger economy.

Due to unavailable data the following indicators have been omitted:
  • Exports
  • FDI, net inflows
  • GDP Growth Rate
  • GDP Per Capita
  • Inflation
  • Unemployment


  1. The World Bank