Economic Trivia

Peru's strong economic growth and performance caused its poverty rate to drop by 23% since 2002.

Trade Source: United Nations Comtrade
Note: Top 3 trade partners are calculated by imports + exports.

Top 3 Trade Partners (2019): China, United States, and Brazil
Top 3 Exported Goods (2019): Ores, Precious Stones & Metals, and Fruit & Nuts

Top Industries Source: CIA World Factbook

Mining and Refining of Minerals; Steel; Metal Fabrication; Petroleum Extraction and Refining

Gross Domestic Product (GDP) [1]

GDP, PPP (current international) $418,859,279,287 (2018)
GDP Growth Rate (annual %) 3.977% (2018)
GDP Per Capita, PPP (current international) $13,094 (2018)
Click on a row to display its 5-year graph on the right.

GDP Country Rank 48/196 (2018)

GDP Composition %

Note: GDP composition percentage may exceed 100. Manufacturing is included in the Industry figures and is also reported separately because it plays a critical role in many economies.

Economic Indicators [1]

Inflation, consumer prices (annual %) 2.137% (2019)
External debt stocks, total (DOD, current US$) $66,697,380,388 (2018)
Total tax rate (% of commercial profits) 36.8% (2019)
Real Interest Rate (5 year average %) 12.985% (2016)
Manufacturing, value added (% of GDP) 12.94% (2018)
Current Account Balance (BoP, current US$) ($3,593,583,886) (2018)
Click on a row to display its 5-year graph on the right.

Labor and Employment [1]

Labor Force, Total 18,864,820 (2019)
Employment in Agriculture (% of total employment) 27.386% (2019)
Employment in Industry (% of total employment) 15.345% (2019)
Employment in Services (% of total employment) 57.268% (2019)
Unemployment Rate 3.31% (2019)
Click on a row to display its 5-year graph on the right.

Trade [1]

Imports of goods and services (current US$) $52,262,824,804 (2018)
Exports of goods and services (current US$) $56,347,593,257 (2018)
Total Merchandise Trade (% of GDP) 41.582% (2018)
FDI, net inflows (BoP, current US$) $6,487,906,281 (2018)
Commercial Service Exports (current US$) $6,886,837,804 (2018)
Click on a row to display its 5-year graph on the right.

Economic Snapshot [1]

Note: Percentile ranks are calculated using the latest available data for all countries within the last 5 years.

How to interpret the graph: The purpose of this graph is to take a snapshot of a country’s economy in comparison to other economies. For example, Peru’s Exports rank is higher than (please wait...) of the countries in the dataset. For Exports, FDI and GDP measures, a higher rank (closer to 100%) indicates a stronger economy. Conversely, for Unemployment and Inflation, a lower rank (closer to 0%) indicates a stronger economy.

Due to unavailable data the following indicators have been omitted:
  • Exports
  • FDI, net inflows
  • GDP Growth Rate
  • GDP Per Capita
  • Inflation
  • Unemployment


  1. The World Bank