Economic Trivia

Peru's strong economic growth and performance caused its poverty rate to drop by 23% since 2002.

Trade Source: United Nations Comtrade
Note: Top 3 trade partners are calculated by imports + exports.

Top 3 Trade Partners (2019): China, United States, and Brazil
Top 3 Exported Goods (2019): Ores, Precious Stones & Metals, and Fruit & Nuts

Top Industries Source: CIA World Factbook

Mining and Refining of Minerals; Steel; Metal Fabrication; Petroleum Extraction and Refining

Gross Domestic Product (GDP) [1]

GDP, PPP (current international) $463,538,286,394 (2021)
GDP Growth Rate (annual %) 13.35% (2021)
GDP Per Capita, PPP (current international) $13,895 (2021)
Click on a row to display its 5-year graph on the right.

GDP Country Rank 48/197 (2021)

GDP Composition %

Note: GDP composition percentage may exceed 100. Manufacturing is included in the Industry figures and is also reported separately because it plays a critical role in many economies.

Economic Indicators [1]

Inflation, consumer prices (annual %) 4.272% (2021)
External debt stocks, total (DOD, current US$) $73,549,205,267 (2020)
Total tax rate (% of commercial profits) 36.8% (2019)
Real Interest Rate (5 year average %) 2.359% (2021)
Manufacturing, value added (% of GDP) 12.193% (2020)
Current Account Balance (BoP, current US$) ($5,273,365,307) (2021)
Click on a row to display its 5-year graph on the right.

Labor and Employment [1]

Labor Force, Total 18,566,550 (2021)
Employment in Agriculture (% of total employment) 27.219% (2020)
Employment in Industry (% of total employment) 15.254% (2020)
Employment in Services (% of total employment) 57.527% (2020)
Unemployment Rate 4.833% (2021)
Click on a row to display its 5-year graph on the right.

Trade [1]

Imports of goods and services (current US$) $58,979,023,862 (2021)
Exports of goods and services (current US$) $64,932,484,667 (2021)
Total Merchandise Trade (% of GDP) 51.038% (2021)
FDI, net inflows (BoP, current US$) $731,609,218 (2020)
Commercial Service Exports (current US$) $2,771,073,233 (2021)
Click on a row to display its 5-year graph on the right.

Economic Snapshot [1]

Note: Percentile ranks are calculated using the latest available data for all countries within the last 5 years.

How to interpret the graph: The purpose of this graph is to take a snapshot of a country’s economy in comparison to other economies. For example, Peru’s Exports rank is higher than (please wait...) of the countries in the dataset. For Exports, FDI and GDP measures, a higher rank (closer to 100%) indicates a stronger economy. Conversely, for Unemployment and Inflation, a lower rank (closer to 0%) indicates a stronger economy.

Due to unavailable data the following indicators have been omitted:
  • Exports
  • FDI, net inflows
  • GDP Growth Rate
  • GDP Per Capita
  • Inflation
  • Unemployment


  1. The World Bank