People [1]

People

Population 31,989,256 (2018)
Population Growth Rate 1.718 annual % (2018)
Age Dependency Ratio 51.238 % of working-age population (2018)
Urban Population 77.907 % of total (2018)
Infant Mortality Rate 11.1 per 1,000 live births (2018)
Life Expectancy at Birth 76.286 years (2017)

Age Distribution - % of Total Population (2018)

Energy [2]

Electricity

Ranking
Production 51.339 billion kWh (2017) #54
Consumption 45.816 billion kWh (2017) #53
Exports 0 billion kWh (2017) #98
Imports 0.017 billion kWh (2017) #106
Renewable Electricity Generation 31.161 billion kWh (2017) #30

Oil

Ranking
Production 141.138 thousand bbl/day (2018) #40
Consumption 255 thousand bbl/day (2017) #49
Exports (Refined) [3] 14.77 thousand bbl/day (2013) #59
Imports (Refined) [3] 84.28 thousand bbl/day (2013) #47
Proved Reserves (Crude) 1.225 billion bbl (2019) #38

Natural Gas

Ranking
Production (Gross) 611.656 billion cu ft (2015) #38
Consumption (Dry) 264.263 billion cu ft (2017) #53
Exports (Dry) 194.402 billion cu ft (2017) #28
Imports (Dry) 0 billion cu ft (2017) #79
Proved Reserves 16.091 trillion cu ft (2019) #32

Other [3]

Technology

Airports 191 (2013)
Cellular Telephones 36,933,161 (2016 est.)
Highways 140,672 km (2012)
Note: includes 24,593 km of national roads (14,748 km paved), 24,235 km of departmental roads (2,340 km paved), and 91,844 km of local roads (1,611 km paved)
Internet Users 13,975,422 (2016 est.)
Railways 1,854 km (2014)
Telephones 3,074,464 (2016 est.)

Geography & Environment

LocationWestern South America, bordering the South Pacific Ocean, between Chile and Ecuador
Total Area1,285,216 sq. km
Land Area1,279,996 sq. km
Water Area5,220 sq. km
Coastline2,414 km
Climatevaries from tropical in east to dry desert in west; temperate to frigid in Andes
Terrainwestern coastal plain (costa), high and rugged Andes in center (sierra), eastern lowland jungle of Amazon Basin (selva)
Lowest PointPacific Ocean 0 m
Highest Point Nevado Huascaran 6,768 m

Sources

  1. The World Bank Date Accessed: 9/6/2019
  2. U.S. Energy Information Administration
  3. CIA World Factbook Date Accessed: 12/5/2017