People [1]

People

Population 143,446,060 (2021)
Population Growth Rate -0.436 annual % (2021)
Age Dependency Ratio 52.634 % of working-age population (2021)
Urban Population 74.934 % of total (2021)
Infant Mortality Rate 4.4 per 1,000 live births (2020)
Life Expectancy at Birth 71.339 years (2020)

Age Distribution - % of Total Population (2021)

Energy [2]

Electricity

Ranking
Production 1,026.66 billion kWh (2020) #4
Consumption 942.9 billion kWh (2019) #4
Exports 12.116 billion kWh (2020) #20
Imports 1.377 billion kWh (2020) #63
Renewable Electricity Generation 201.56 billion kWh (2020) #8

Oil

Ranking
Production 10,776.72 thousand bbl/day (2021) #3
Consumption 3,375.66 thousand bbl/day (2020) #5
Exports (Refined) [3] 4,888 thousand bbl/day (2013) #2
Imports (Refined) [3] 29.65 thousand bbl/day (2013) #61
Proved Reserves (Crude) 80 billion bbl (2021) #8

Natural Gas

Ranking
Production (Gross) 22,728.734 billion cu ft (2015) #2
Consumption (Dry) 17,610.42 billion cu ft (2021) #2
Exports (Dry) 8,858.86 billion cu ft (2021) #1
Imports (Dry) 583.17 billion cu ft (2021) #21
Proved Reserves 1,688.228 trillion cu ft (2021) #1

Other [3]

Technology

Airports 1,218 (2013)
Cellular Telephones 229,431,008 (2018 est.)
Highways 1,283,387 km (2012)
Internet Users 108,772,470 (2016 est.)
Railways 87,157 km (2014)
Telephones 30,108,289 (2018 est.)

Geography & Environment

LocationNorth Asia bordering the Arctic Ocean, extending from Europe (the portion west of the Urals) to the North Pacific Ocean
Total Area17,098,242 sq. km
Land Area16,377,742 sq. km
Water Area720,500 sq. km
Coastline37,653 km
Climateranges from steppes in the south through humid continental in much of European Russia; subarctic in Siberia to tundra climate in the polar north; winters vary from cool along Black Sea coast to frigid in Siberia; summers vary from warm in the steppes to cool along Arctic coast
Terrainbroad plain with low hills west of Urals; vast coniferous forest and tundra in Siberia; uplands and mountains along southern border regions
Lowest PointCaspian Sea -28 m
Highest Point Gora El'brus 5,642 m

Sources

  1. The World Bank Date Accessed: 11/6/2022
  2. U.S. Energy Information Administration
  3. CIA World Factbook Date Accessed: 5/9/2020