People [1]

People

Population 47,326,687 (2021)
Population Growth Rate -0.078 annual % (2021)
Age Dependency Ratio 52.754 % of working-age population (2021)
Urban Population 81.056 % of total (2021)
Infant Mortality Rate 2.7 per 1,000 live births (2020)
Life Expectancy at Birth 82.334 years (2020)

Age Distribution - % of Total Population (2021)

Energy [2]

Electricity

Ranking
Production 259.38 billion kWh (2021) #19
Consumption 233.96 billion kWh (2021) #20
Exports 16.51 billion kWh (2021) #14
Imports 17.39 billion kWh (2021) #14
Renewable Electricity Generation 122.93 billion kWh (2021) #11

Oil

Ranking
Production 76.7 thousand bbl/day (2021) #56
Consumption 1,188.08 thousand bbl/day (2021) #18
Exports (Refined) [3] 54.23 thousand bbl/day (2013) #42
Imports (Refined) [3] 1,349 thousand bbl/day (2013) #9
Proved Reserves (Crude) 0.15 billion bbl (2021) #60

Natural Gas

Ranking
Production (Gross) 2.19 billion cu ft (2015) #85
Consumption (Dry) 1,130.997 billion cu ft (2020) #30
Exports (Dry) 41.858 billion cu ft (2020) #42
Imports (Dry) 1,147.351 billion cu ft (2020) #13
Proved Reserves 0.09 trillion cu ft (2021) #94

Other [3]

Technology

Airports 135 (2020)
Cellular Telephones 54,161,014 (2018 est.)
Highways 683,175 km (2011)
Internet Users 39,123,384 (2016 est.)
Railways 15,333 km (2017)
Telephones 19,484,361 (2018 est.)

Geography & Environment

LocationSouthwestern Europe, bordering the Bay of Biscay, Mediterranean Sea, North Atlantic Ocean, and Pyrenees Mountains, southwest of France
Total Area505,370 sq. km
Land Area498,980 sq. km
Water Area6,390 sq. km
Coastline4,964 km
Climatetemperate; clear, hot summers in interior, more moderate and cloudy along coast; cloudy, cold winters in interior, partly cloudy and cool along coast
Terrainlarge, flat to dissected plateau surrounded by rugged hills; Pyrenees in north
Lowest PointAtlantic Ocean 0 m
Highest Point Pico de Teide (Tenerife) on Canary Islands 3,718 m

Sources

  1. The World Bank Date Accessed: 11/6/2022
  2. U.S. Energy Information Administration
  3. CIA World Factbook Date Accessed: 5/9/2020