People [1]

People

Population 56,318,348 (2018)
Population Growth Rate 2.982 annual % (2018)
Age Dependency Ratio 87.616 % of working-age population (2018)
Urban Population 33.776 % of total (2018)
Infant Mortality Rate 37.6 per 1,000 live births (2018)
Life Expectancy at Birth 65.015 years (2018)

Age Distribution - % of Total Population (2018)

Energy [2]

Electricity

Ranking
Production 7.62 billion kWh (2017) #109
Consumption 6.492 billion kWh (2017) #110
Exports 0 billion kWh (2017) #98
Imports 0.106 billion kWh (2017) #95
Renewable Electricity Generation 2.367 billion kWh (2017) #94

Oil

Ranking
Production 0 thousand bbl/day (2018) #125
Consumption 72.117 thousand bbl/day (2017) #87
Exports (Refined) [3] 0 thousand bbl/day (2013) #87
Imports (Refined) [3] 0 thousand bbl/day (2013) #85
Proved Reserves (Crude) 0 billion bbl (2019) #98

Natural Gas

Ranking
Production (Gross) 39.2 billion cu ft (2015) #70
Consumption (Dry) 109.5 billion cu ft (2017) #74
Exports (Dry) 0 billion cu ft (2017) #56
Imports (Dry) 0 billion cu ft (2017) #79
Proved Reserves 0.23 trillion cu ft (2019) #80

Other [3]

Technology

Airports 166 (2013)
Cellular Telephones 43,497 (2018 est.)
Highways 87,581 km (2015)
Internet Users 6,822,754 (2016 est.)
Railways 4,567 km (2014)
Telephones 124,238 (2018 est.)

Geography & Environment

LocationEastern Africa, bordering the Indian Ocean, between Kenya and Mozambique
Total Area947,300 sq. km
Land Area885,800 sq. km
Water Area61,500 sq. km
Coastline1,424 km
Climatevaries from tropical along coast to temperate in highlands
Terrainplains along coast; central plateau; highlands in north, south
Lowest PointIndian Ocean 0 m
Highest Point Kilimanjaro 5,895 m

Sources

  1. The World Bank Date Accessed: 9/6/2019
  2. U.S. Energy Information Administration
  3. CIA World Factbook Date Accessed: 5/9/2020