Key Figures

Chief of State:
President Adama Barrow
Head of Government:
President Adama Barrow


Government Name:
Republic of the Gambia
Adopted: 1996; Established strong presidential government, unicameral legislature, independent judiciary, and protection of human rights.
Government Type:
Presidential Republic
Republic of the Gambia Flag
Coat of Arms of Republic of the Gambia

Index of Economic Freedom

Grades each country on a scale of 0 to 100, based on ten freedoms, with 100 representing the greatest amount of economic autonomy from government intervention. Source: Heritage Foundation (2019)

Country Risk Rating

There is no Country Risk Rating for The Gambia

Government Branches

Main Powers Election Process Election Cycle 1

The president appoints the prime minister and the cabinet. The head of state is the prime minister who is in charge of day-to-day operations of the executive government.

The president is elected by absolute majority vote with a 2 round system.

5 years


The supreme court and constitutional court uphold and interpret the constitution.

Justices are appointed by the president after consultation with the Judicial Service Commission.

Mandatory retirement age of 70


The parliament creates legislature and elects supreme court judges on president's recommendation.

The legislative branch has 77 members elected through closed-list proportional representation system and 73 are elected by majority vote in single-member constituencies.

4 years

Regional Trade Blocs

International Organization Participation [2]

Environmental Agreements [3]

Tax Information [2]

Tax Authority:
Information not available
Tax Name:
Information not available


  1. ElectionGuide
  2. EY,
  3. CIA World Factbook,
  4. U.S. Bilateral Relations Fact Sheets