Key Figures

Chief of State:
King Mswati III
Head of Government:
Prime Minister Cleopas Dlamini


Government Name:
Kingdom of Eswatini
Adopted: 2005; The constitution outlines basic concepts such as the kingdom, the monarchy, protection and promotion of fundamental rights and freedoms, citizenship, the directive principles of state policy and duties of the citizen, the structure of the branches of government, and other functions of conduct.
Government Type:
Kingdom of Eswatini Flag
Coat of Arms of Kingdom of Eswatini

Index of Economic Freedom

Grades each country on a scale of 0 to 100, based on ten freedoms, with 100 representing the greatest amount of economic autonomy from government intervention. Source: Heritage Foundation (2023)

Country Risk Rating

There is no Country Risk Rating for Eswatini

Government Branches

Main Powers Election Process Election Cycle 1

King, the prime minister, and the cabinet exercise total executive authority.

Prime minister is appointed by the monarch.

Appointment by monarch


Based on a dual system where one part consists of courts based on the western model and laws, while the second part consists of Eswatini laws and customs.

Appointed by monarch.

Mandatory retirement age of 75


Create laws that must be passed by the king who has the power to deny every law in place and can recommend new laws to be installed.

Senate has 20 members appointed by the monarch and 10 members elected by the Legislative Assembly, and the House of Assembly has 10 members appointed by the monarch and 55 members elected by plurality vote in single-member constituencies.

5 years

Regional Trade Blocs

International Organization Participation [2]

Environmental Agreements [3]

Tax Information [2]

Tax Authority:
Information not available
Tax Name:
Information not available


  1. ElectionGuide
  2. EY,
  3. CIA World Factbook,
  4. U.S. Bilateral Relations Fact Sheets