People [1]


Population 67,391,582 (2020)
Population Growth Rate 0.212 annual % (2020)
Age Dependency Ratio 62.356 % of working-age population (2020)
Urban Population 80.975 % of total (2020)
Infant Mortality Rate 3.8 per 1,000 live births (2019)
Life Expectancy at Birth 82.578 years (2019)

Age Distribution - % of Total Population (2020)

Energy [2]


Production 546.331 billion kWh (2019) #9
Consumption 449.423 billion kWh (2019) #10
Exports 73.352 billion kWh (2019) #1
Imports 15.593 billion kWh (2019) #16
Renewable Electricity Generation 129.268 billion kWh (2020) #11


Production 113.18 thousand bbl/day (2020) #46
Consumption 1,421.041 thousand bbl/day (2020) #14
Exports (Refined) [3] 21.96 thousand bbl/day (2013) #56
Imports (Refined) [3] 1,174 thousand bbl/day (2013) #11
Proved Reserves (Crude) 0.062 billion bbl (2021) #75

Natural Gas

Production (Gross) 0.742 billion cu ft (2015) #89
Consumption (Dry) 1,348.749 billion cu ft (2020) #27
Exports (Dry) 321.498 billion cu ft (2020) #22
Imports (Dry) 1,628.199 billion cu ft (2020) #10
Proved Reserves 0.275 trillion cu ft (2021) #79

Other [3]


Airports 464 (2013)
Cellular Telephones 70,422,000 (2018 est.)
Highways 1,053,215 km (2011)
Internet Users 57,226,585 (2016 est.)
Railways 29,640 km (2014)
Telephones 38,620,000 (2018 est.)

Geography & Environment

Locationmetropolitan France: Western Europe, bordering the Bay of Biscay and English Channel, between Belgium and Spain, southeast of the UK; bordering the Mediterranean Sea, between Italy and Spain; French Guiana: Northern South America, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean, between Brazil and Suriname; Guadeloupe: Caribbean, islands between the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean, southeast of Puerto Rico; Martinique: Caribbean, island between the Caribbean Sea and North Atlantic Ocean, north of Trinidad and Tobago; Mayotte: Southern Indian Ocean, island in the Mozambique Channel, about halfway between northern Madagascar and northern Mozambique; Reunion: Southern Africa, island in the Indian Ocean, east of Madagascar
Total Area643,801 sq. km
Land Area640,427 sq. km
Water Area3,374 sq. km
Coastline4,853 km
Climatemetropolitan France: generally cool winters and mild summers, but mild winters and hot summers along the Mediterranean; occasional strong, cold, dry, north-to-northwesterly wind known as the mistral; French Guiana: tropical; hot, humid; little seasonal temperature variation; Guadeloupe and Martinique: subtropical tempered by trade winds; moderately high humidity; rainy season (June to October); vulnerable to devastating cyclones (hurricanes) every eight years on average; Mayotte: tropical; marine; hot, humid, rainy season during northeastern monsoon (November to May); dry season is cooler (May to November); Reunion: tropical, but temperature moderates with elevation; cool and dry (May to November), hot and rainy (November to April)
Terrainmetropolitan France: mostly flat plains or gently rolling hills in north and west; remainder is mountainous, especially Pyrenees in south, Alps in east; French Guiana: low-lying coastal plains rising to hills and small mountains; Guadeloupe: Basse-Terre is volcanic in origin with interior mountains; Grande-Terre is low limestone formation; most of the seven other islands are volcanic in origin; Martinique: mountainous with indented coastline; dormant volcano; Mayotte: generally undulating, with deep ravines and ancient volcanic peaks; Reunion: mostly rugged and mountainous; fertile lowlands along coast
Lowest PointRhone River delta -2 m
Highest Point Mont Blanc 4,810 m


  1. The World Bank Date Accessed: 10/3/2021
  2. U.S. Energy Information Administration
  3. CIA World Factbook Date Accessed: 5/9/2020