People [1]


Population 66,987,244 (2018)
Population Growth Rate 0.182 annual % (2018)
Age Dependency Ratio 60.776 % of working-age population (2017)
Urban Population 80.444 % of total (2018)
Infant Mortality Rate 3.4 per 1,000 live births (2018)
Life Expectancy at Birth 82.524 years (2017)

Age Distribution - % of Total Population (2017)

Energy [2]


Production 529 billion kWh (2016) #9
Consumption 451 billion kWh (2016) #10
Exports 61 billion kWh (2016) #3
Imports 20 billion kWh (2016) #10
Renewable Electricity Generation 99 billion kWh (2016) #12


Production 120 thousand bbl/day (2017) #46
Consumption 1,705 thousand bbl/day (2017) #13
Exports (Refined) [3] 21.96 thousand bbl/day (2013) #56
Imports (Refined) [3] 1,174 thousand bbl/day (2013) #11

Natural Gas

Production (Gross) 0.7 billion cu ft (2015) #89
Consumption (Dry) 1,479 billion cu ft (2017) #24
Exports (Dry) 213 billion cu ft (2017) #26
Imports (Dry) 1,716 billion cu ft (2017) #10
Proved Reserves 0.3 trillion cu ft (2018) #77

Other [3]


Airports 464 (2013)
Cellular Telephones 67,571,000 (2016 est.)
Highways 1,028,446 km (2010)
Note: not included are 5,100 km of roadways in overseas departments
Internet Users 57,226,585 (2016 est.)
Railways 29,640 km (2014)
Telephones 39,006,000 (2016 est.)

Geography & Environment

Locationmetropolitan France: Western Europe, bordering the Bay of Biscay and English Channel, between Belgium and Spain, southeast of the UK; bordering the Mediterranean Sea, between Italy and Spain French Guiana: Northern South America, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean, between Brazil and Suriname Guadeloupe: Caribbean, islands between the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean, southeast of Puerto Rico Martinique: Caribbean, island between the Caribbean Sea and North Atlantic Ocean, north of Trinidad and Tobago Reunion: Southern Africa, island in the Indian Ocean, east of Madagascar
Total Area643,801 sq. km
Land Area640,427 sq. km
Water Area3,374 sq. km
Coastline4,668 km
Climatemetropolitan France: generally cool winters and mild summers, but mild winters and hot summers along the Mediterranean; occasional strong, cold, dry, north-to-northwesterly wind known as mistral French Guiana: tropical; hot, humid; little seasonal temperature variation Guadeloupe and Martinique: subtropical tempered by trade winds; moderately high humidity; rainy season (June to October); vulnerable to devastating cyclones (hurricanes) every eight years on average Reunion: tropical, but temperature moderates with elevation; cool and dry (May to November), hot and rainy (November to April)
Terrainmetropolitan France: mostly flat plains or gently rolling hills in north and west; remainder is mountainous, especially Pyrenees in south, Alps in east French Guiana: low-lying coastal plains rising to hills and small mountains Guadeloupe: Basse-Terre is volcanic in origin with interior mountains; Grande-Terre is low limestone formation; most of the seven other islands are volcanic in origin Martinique: mountainous with indented coastline; dormant volcano Reunion: mostly rugged and mountainous; fertile lowlands along coast
Lowest PointRhone River delta -2 m
Highest Point Mont Blanc 4,807 m


  1. The World Bank Date Accessed: 9/6/2019
  2. U.S. Energy Information Administration
  3. CIA World Factbook Date Accessed: 12/5/2017