People [1]


Population 67,935,660 (2022)
Population Growth Rate 0.274 annual % (2022)
Age Dependency Ratio 63.552 % of working-age population (2022)
Urban Population 81.509 % of total (2022)
Infant Mortality Rate 3.4 per 1,000 live births (2021)
Life Expectancy at Birth 82.324 years (2021)

Age Distribution - % of Total Population (2022)

Energy [2]


Production 530.42 billion kWh (2021) #10
Consumption 447.45 billion kWh (2021) #10
Exports 69.37 billion kWh (2021) #2
Imports 24.53 billion kWh (2021) #8
Renewable Electricity Generation 123.21 billion kWh (2021) #10


Production 107.91 thousand bbl/day (2021) #47
Consumption 1,548.3 thousand bbl/day (2021) #13
Exports (Refined) [3] 21.96 thousand bbl/day (2013) #56
Imports (Refined) [3] 1,174 thousand bbl/day (2013) #11
Proved Reserves (Crude) 0.062 billion bbl (2021) #76

Natural Gas

Production (Gross) 0.742 billion cu ft (2015) #89
Consumption (Dry) 1,451.71 billion cu ft (2021) #25
Exports (Dry) 204.45 billion cu ft (2021) #27
Imports (Dry) 1,558.63 billion cu ft (2021) #11
Proved Reserves 0.275 trillion cu ft (2021) #79

Other [3]


Airports 464 (2013)
Cellular Telephones 70,422,000 (2018 est.)
Highways 1,053,215 km (2011)
Internet Users 57,226,585 (2016 est.)
Railways 29,640 km (2014)
Telephones 38,620,000 (2018 est.)

Geography & Environment

Locationmetropolitan France: Western Europe, bordering the Bay of Biscay and English Channel, between Belgium and Spain, southeast of the UK; bordering the Mediterranean Sea, between Italy and Spain; French Guiana: Northern South America, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean, between Brazil and Suriname; Guadeloupe: Caribbean, islands between the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean, southeast of Puerto Rico; Martinique: Caribbean, island between the Caribbean Sea and North Atlantic Ocean, north of Trinidad and Tobago; Mayotte: Southern Indian Ocean, island in the Mozambique Channel, about halfway between northern Madagascar and northern Mozambique; Reunion: Southern Africa, island in the Indian Ocean, east of Madagascar
Total Area643,801 sq. km
Land Area640,427 sq. km
Water Area3,374 sq. km
Coastline4,853 km
Climatemetropolitan France: generally cool winters and mild summers, but mild winters and hot summers along the Mediterranean; occasional strong, cold, dry, north-to-northwesterly wind known as the mistral; French Guiana: tropical; hot, humid; little seasonal temperature variation; Guadeloupe and Martinique: subtropical tempered by trade winds; moderately high humidity; rainy season (June to October); vulnerable to devastating cyclones (hurricanes) every eight years on average; Mayotte: tropical; marine; hot, humid, rainy season during northeastern monsoon (November to May); dry season is cooler (May to November); Reunion: tropical, but temperature moderates with elevation; cool and dry (May to November), hot and rainy (November to April)
Terrainmetropolitan France: mostly flat plains or gently rolling hills in north and west; remainder is mountainous, especially Pyrenees in south, Alps in east; French Guiana: low-lying coastal plains rising to hills and small mountains; Guadeloupe: Basse-Terre is volcanic in origin with interior mountains; Grande-Terre is low limestone formation; most of the seven other islands are volcanic in origin; Martinique: mountainous with indented coastline; dormant volcano; Mayotte: generally undulating, with deep ravines and ancient volcanic peaks; Reunion: mostly rugged and mountainous; fertile lowlands along coast
Lowest PointRhone River delta -2 m
Highest Point Mont Blanc 4,810 m


  1. The World Bank Date Accessed: 9/11/2023
  2. U.S. Energy Information Administration
  3. CIA World Factbook Date Accessed: 5/9/2020