Exporter Rank

7 / 119

Importer Rank

5 / 119

Trade Balance Rank

116 / 119

Total Trade [1]

Total Exports (2018) $568,535,879,844
Total Imports (2018) $659,374,522,338
Trade Balance (2018) ($90,838,642,494)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) (2018) [2] 31.34%
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) (2018) [2] 32.11%

Trade Partners [1]

Export Partners

Top 10 Export Countries

Country Export USD$
Germany $83,212,117,326
United States $45,309,603,062
Spain $44,323,626,135
Italy $42,748,244,978
Belgium $40,321,521,892
United Kingdom $38,386,038,366
China $24,618,000,748
Netherlands $20,863,122,352
Switzerland $18,902,370,654
Poland $11,686,145,380

Import Partners

Top 10 Import Countries

Country Import USD$
Germany $102,253,031,933
China $59,036,932,917
Italy $50,411,395,346
Belgium $46,401,585,286
Spain $42,899,804,830
United States $41,583,153,592
Netherlands $30,049,051,125
United Kingdom $24,279,771,174
Switzerland $17,636,267,724
Poland $12,697,743,449

Traded Goods [1] (at the 2-digit HS Code level)

Top 10 Export Goods

HS Code Export USD$
(84) Industrial Machinery $67,687,070,315
(87) Motor Vehicles & Parts $56,426,007,206
(88) Aircraft $52,027,135,549
(85) Electrical Machinery $44,880,309,826
(30) Pharmaceuticals $33,851,774,643
(39) Plastics $22,550,933,803
(33) Cosmetics $19,703,726,594
(22) Beverages $19,426,458,514
(27) Oil & Mineral Fuels $18,728,227,489
(90) Precision Instruments $16,923,425,427

Top 10 Import Goods

HS Code Import USD$
(84) Industrial Machinery $83,733,278,099
(87) Motor Vehicles & Parts $73,951,653,705
(27) Oil & Mineral Fuels $73,886,235,683
(85) Electrical Machinery $58,296,154,924
(39) Plastics $25,962,622,220
(30) Pharmaceuticals $25,246,928,632
(88) Aircraft $20,816,872,563
(90) Precision Instruments $19,515,563,509
(29) Organic Chemicals $16,293,368,464
(72) Iron & Steel $13,911,320,621

Sources:

  1. UN Comtrade (2018) except where stated otherwise.
  2. The World Bank. Accessed: 9/30/2019
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