Exporter Rank

7 / 146

Importer Rank

6 / 145

Trade Balance Rank

142 / 145

Total Trade [1]

Total Exports (2016) $488,885,072,443
Total Imports (2016) $560,554,862,702
Trade Balance (2016) ($71,669,790,259)
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) (2017) [2] 30.88%
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) (2017) [2] 31.98%

Trade Partners [1]

Export Partners

Top 10 Export Countries

Country Export USD$
Germany $78,851,327,540
Spain $36,644,577,952
United States $36,127,096,199
Italy $35,717,802,263
United Kingdom $34,445,925,445
Belgium $33,166,622,779
China $17,705,737,323
Netherlands $17,679,116,012
Switzerland $16,921,663,887
Poland $9,075,840,716

Import Partners

Top 10 Import Countries

Country Import USD$
Germany $94,547,302,117
China $51,032,597,789
Italy $42,036,498,071
United States $39,678,969,318
Belgium $38,019,212,050
Spain $35,769,294,160
Netherlands $25,537,080,352
United Kingdom $21,536,171,341
Switzerland $15,660,339,420
Japan $10,386,995,115

Traded Goods [1] (at the 2-digit HS Code level)

Top 10 Export Goods

HS Code Export USD$
(84) Industrial Machinery $57,320,215,698
(88) Aircraft $53,375,667,327
(87) Motor Vehicles & Parts $45,382,766,347
(85) Electrical Machinery $39,173,170,195
(30) Pharmaceuticals $30,126,331,008
(39) Plastics $19,484,399,983
(22) Beverages $16,516,720,450
(33) Cosmetics $15,558,681,817
(90) Precision Instruments $15,441,556,983
(72) Iron & Steel $11,542,631,812

Top 10 Import Goods

HS Code Import USD$
(84) Industrial Machinery $68,299,439,587
(87) Motor Vehicles & Parts $59,272,019,578
(85) Electrical Machinery $51,746,798,867
(27) Oil & Mineral Fuels $47,087,631,135
(88) Aircraft $33,769,033,018
(30) Pharmaceuticals $22,067,812,927
(39) Plastics $21,932,684,098
(90) Precision Instruments $17,960,494,326
(29) Organic Chemicals $14,264,593,114
(62) Apparel: Non Knit $11,235,711,290

Sources:

  1. UN Comtrade (2016) except where stated otherwise.
  2. The World Bank. Accessed: 9/22/2018
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